1. important in the transition from “food-gathering to

1. After reading chapter 1, I will include in this text 3 landmarks that caught my eye while reading. “CA. 25,000—20,000 B.C.E. Limestone, height 4 3/8 in. located in Naturhistorishes Museum, Vienna. Without “her” there wouldn’t be humankind” (Fiero 4). Mother earth—Venus of Willendorf the first landmark was one of the first landmarks I selected which. This landmark was created because she “played a role in, rituals that sought the blessings of mother earth—seasonal regeneration and ensured successful childbirth” (Fiero 4). Looking at the statuette, not also does Venus of Willendorf represents a nude female or woman but she also signifies, life-giver and offspring also known as reproduction.  As well, Venus of Willendorf may have become important in the transition from “food-gathering to food-production, when fertility and agricultural abundance were vital to the life of the community” (Fiero 4). Venus of Willendorf is known as mother earth, with special importance.2. We wouldn’t know how to write or type without this landmark—the landmark of writing. Which included clay tokens, pictographs, cuneiform, hieroglyphs, and Chinese calligraphy. “The landmark of writing was the event of the first civilizations” (Fiero 4). Writing was created for counting good, services, & info on near disasters.  Writing represented the following: “a cone for a unit of grain, an egg shape for a unit of oil, and so on” (Fiero 4). Writing was very helpful because it helped keep track of different, sales, services that were performed and helped the community out by warning others if something bad was to occur or if there was to be a disaster. 3. The Bronze Age: Metallurgy Ceremonial vessel—”was created to provide harder and effective tools and weapons. Metal began to replace stone and bone. Copper represents the strength and durability that as far superior to stone or bone” (Fiero 4).  “Copper ore was taken from surface deposits but later combined copper and tin to make a stronger metal” (Fiero 4).  In India, metal was used to produce “jewelry, musical instruments, horse fittings, and toys” (Fiero 4).  The Chinese were the best at making objects from metal, including the “vessels which were used for rituals, holding food, and drink for the deceased. Metal was another technology marked at the birth of civilization” (Fiero 4). 

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