1. Germany produces about 325 to 350 million tons of waste a year. Construction and demolition waste takes up 60 percent of this waste, while municipal waste accounts for 14 percent of it and hazardous waste at 5 percent. Germany has slowly refined its waste management throughout the years to conserve natural resources and manage waste in an environmentally sound manner, whereby sustainable strengthening of the environmental and climate protection measures. The centerpiece of Germany’s waste management act is a 5 level hierarchy that lays down the fundamentals for waste prevention, recycling, energy recovery and waste disposal. In any moment, the protection of the environment always takes precedence, while also taking into account ecological, economic and social effects. The main law for this is the Waste Management Act which was amended from the Water Disposal Act of 1972.
2. Out of all emission pollution, air pollution coming from Germany’s vast engineering industry. The German government has devised a few strategies to solve this this issue, in laying down emission ceilings and environmental quality standard, product regulations, and emission reduction according to the best technology available in effort to able to continue to advance as one of the world’s mains industrial leader while not jeopardizing the environment. Besides these strategies, the German government has also decided on a capacity reserve for 2.7 gigawatt of brown coal plants which is estimated to able to cut down the Carbon Dioxide emissions by 11 million to 12.5 million tones in 2020 whch was passed by the cabinet in 2015 after hearing the voices of private companies and worker’s union.
3. Germany has a total of 102 ecolabels at the moment. A few examples of these ecolabels are EU Ecolabel, bluesign standard, Carbon Reduction Label and FairWild. For example, bluesign standard brings together the entire textile manufacturing chain to jointly reduce the ecological footprint of a responsibly acting textile industry which plays an important role on a country that exports textiles such as Germany. With using “Best Available Technology” (BAT) along the entire textile manufacturing chain bluesign standard ensures that products meet the environmental standards without cutting back on performance requirements. Another important sustainability claim is the Carbon Reduction Label which measures and certifies a certain service or product and the owner of said service or product will reduce its carbon footprint over the following two years. Lastly, FairWild aims to provide a worldwide framework for implementing a sustainable, fair and value-added management and trading system for wild-collected natural ingredients and products.
4. Germany is a large producer and one of the largest consumer in Europe of the fast fashion industry. As a producer, Germany may utilize their stable system for recycling to look into creating a new material to create clothing from, for example recycling food waste into yarn. Besides that, Germany may also invest in developing technology that is capable of breaking down polymer, the most common material to make clothes with, into a basic raw material which could be sold to manufacturers, that helps resolve the issue of large amount of the hard to recycle polymer. As a consumer, Germany could encourage the usage of more ecofriendly products rather than contribute to worsening the condition of the environment by choosing fast fashion.