In strict control for effective performance”. In contrast,

In HRM, it is undeniable that motivating employees is always
a headache issue for management. Three theories are pointed out here to discuss
this aspect. Firstly, this part mentioned to McGregor’s Theory X and Theory Y.
In particular, Theory X is a negative opinion with the prejudice that employees
feel not motivated, they hate work, deny their responsibility, and need strict
control for effective performance”. In contrast, theory Y is “a positive view”
that expects workers to enjoy work, be responsible, and have self-management.
McGregor believed that Theory Y assumptions should be used in management and concluded
that employee motivation would be optimized by higher decision making authority,
challenging jobs and good interpersonal relationships (Stephen & Mary,
2012, p. 432). The next theory is Herzberg’s Two-Factor Theory. This
theory proposes that “intrinsic factors are related to job satisfaction, while
extrinsic factors are associated with job dissatisfaction”. In particular, after
Frederick’s research, he has drawn that the answers people gave when they were
satisfied about their jobs were significantly different from the answers they
gave when they were dissatisfied. When they felt good about their work, they
were more likely to “cite intrinsic factors arising from the job itself” such
as “achievement, recognition, and responsibility”…On the other hand, when there
was dissatisfaction, they tended to “cite extrinsic factors arising from the
job context” (“company policy, supervision, interpersonal relationships,
working conditions, administration”) (Stephen & Mary, 2012, p. 433). HNN(1 The last theory Three – Needs Theory. David
McClelland said that there are three major motives in work. They include “the
need for achievement” – the employees want recognition, good results,
compliment; “the need for power” – “the need to make others behave in a way
that they would not have behaved otherwise”. “the need for affiliation”- good
relationships with colleagues, bosses,..(Stephen & Mary, 2012, p. 434).

 HNN(1Thêm
v? ?ng d?ng c?a theory này. Check paraphrase

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