Samuel Gompers (1850-1924), founded “The American Federation of Labor (AFL)” which created not only an economic impact for workers, but also gave them proper representation against large scale companies. His sole purpose as the President of the AFL was to self empower the white skilled labor workers, promoting useful tactics such as higher wages, eight hour work days, and employer’s liability. This lead the AFL to become the largest and most effective labor federation in the world as it grew substantially over time from 50,000 members in 1886 to over 3 million in 1924, thus creating a voice for those who struggle in the 19th century capitalistic America. In the late 19th century, the second industrial revolution took over the United States following the Civil War, leading to a mass boost in the economy and making the U.S. the biggest industrial powerhouse in the world at the time. This led to many technological advancements during this period. Also, many big businessmen began to take advantage of the lack of restriction on business at the time which allowed them to form massive monopolies and mistreat their employees with no disciplinary action taken against them. These situations sparked outrage and a need for change among the working class people. Samuel Gompers, Vice President of the commission for “Federation of Organized Trades and Labor Unions” during this time, sought out to change such mistreatment amongst the working class people and further transform their economic status. He held himself to the basic principle of unionism as the best way to approach the problems presented to the people, shifting the movement into a more economic style reform. Another key tactic he emphasised was that to support the economic ideal of capitalism rather a socialist ideology, making people support the values of the union. As a result, the AFL gained wide popularity in membership, more so than any other point in the American Union Movement. With such growth caused conflict within the movement, as seen through the constant law suites presented by nonunion employers, forcing Gombert to take a more political approach regarding the union movement. Thus, leading to an overall impact on both economical and political aspects of American society, making Gombert a true American hero and changing the values of the working class people.
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