Abstract the various media platforms in Pakistan. Are

Abstract

                This research paper has been
completed through taking into account the text from the case study; ‘MEDIA AND GOVERNANCE IN
PAKISTAN: a controversial yet essential topic’, written by Marco Mezzera and Safdar
Sial. It shines light onto the factors that contribute to the rife relationships
between the government and the various media platforms in Pakistan.

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                Are economic concerns the focal
point of ‘government-media’ relationships? Does competition amongst news organizations,
to provide for the government, affect journalistic standards? How big of an
impact has media really had in shaping up the economy? How big is the Pakistani
media network? In Pakistan, the private news media organizations are
pressurized by the state through many laws, regulations, taxes and licenses
which has lead to hostile relationships between them and the government. These
hostilities between the two have made the people of Pakistan see both, the
government and the media, with mixed perceptions; which furthermore has created
animosities between political parties over the years. 

 

Introduction

                Throughout the world, media
organizations are the only forces who can feed any type of information they
want into civilian minds and change their perceptions; and for this sole reason,
media plays an important role in shaping up economies and strenghthening
religious and cultural ties between different factions all over the world.
Keeping this in mind, one can only imagine the havoc which would wreak in a
nation whose media, almost every media forum, is chaired by a government
official; the government itself as a whole being 43rd on the list of the world’s
most corrupt nations.

                Now this is where the
fascination sets in; the controversies, the secrets, all so beguiling. Thus,
this case study is aimed towards providing information about the structure of
media platforms branching throughout Pakistan, how Pakistani media has
contributed towards the shaping up of our economy and how does the government
find ways to hold an influence over what is said and done throughout media
platforms. Due to the governments control over, the what should be liberal
media, things are kept from reaching civilian ears and thus the people don’t
get to see the bigger picture. Thoroughly, our corrupt media has always acted
as a match lighting an unburnt candle, fueling political animosities and
spreading negativities amongst the people.

                This study follows a structure
starting with an abstract followed by an introduction, giving an idea of what
the topic is really about. The literature review is build up from secondary
data collected from various sources cited below, focusing mainly on the
research questions, what this study is accumulated for. The review is followed
by the methodology of how the data is collected for this study. Then the
structure also includes a part for the discussion done on what has been found
in light of the topic according to various different references. This study
ends with an opinionated view on future prospects, a conclusion and the
reference page for all the citations. 

               

 

Literature Review

                Different ideas and perceptions
about the links between the government and our media, how good or bad they are,
are sketched throughout various sources as everyone is entitled to their own
self opinion.

                  The report of the Hutchinson
Commission, in which ‘The Social Responsibility Theory’ hypothesized by Dr
Robert Maynard Hutchison was submitted in 1947, and it is regarded as the Magna
Carte of the modern concept of freedom of expression and media’s responsibilities
towards the society. It emphasized the fact that media platforms need to
provide accurate, truthful and lengthy accounts of events, act as a forum for
the exchange of comment and criticism, clarify goals and values of the society
and make sure that it projects a representative picture of the constituent
groups of the society. Malik Muhammed Ashraf, a freelance columnist, also stated,”
The
media can play its due role in a society and state when it strictly adheres
to the ethical and professional codes and exhibits an abiding respect for the
laws and the constitution”.

                Keeping
the two references in mind, the media
presents a very somber picture here in Pakistan. While it constantly strives to
protect its freedom, it does not show any sense of responsibility towards the
freedom of expression and is a direct violation of the Social
Responsibility Theory set out by Dr Hutchison. Unfortunately, like the political diversification in the
country, the media here is also divided into anti-government, pro-government,
and rightist groups with each forum trying to emphasize its own adherent views
on national issues, even launching campaigns for political parties they’ve made
collaborations with; which have furthermore increased feuds between political
factions. Consequently truth and social responsibility have become casualties
of this dynamically corrupt media culture.

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