According a rational and evidence–based analysis of

According to College of Policing (Online, 2017), “Problem-oriented
policing (POP) is a structured way to address certain problems; it aims to
apply a rational and evidence–based analysis of the problems and the solutions
to a policing context. Problem solving approaches identify and analyse crime
and disorder problems, develop specific responses to individual problems and
subsequently assess whether the response has been successful.”                                                                                               POPs
approach is to see the underlying problem which may be causing the incidences,
it searches for patterns or reasons that these incidences occur or reoccur. As
stated above, POP was advanced by Herman
Goldstein (1979), Crime Solutions, (Online, 2017) states he argued that “the
standard model of policing should be replaced with a more proactive approach to
identifying and targeting problems that contribute to crime, disorder, and
other community issues.” Eck and Spelman, nearly ten years later, (1987) “created
a framework for implementing POP through the use of the SARA (Scanning,
Analysis, Response, and Assessment)”.                                                                                                                                            
The College of Policing (Online, 2017), say that problem solving has obvious
and important benefits with community policing and it has been built and incorporated
into the UK’s neighbourhood policing approach and system. They state that
problem solving brings local police officers into joint working relationships
with the local people. Solutions to incidences can often lie beyond the reach
of the police alone, meaning that working with partners from other agencies or
commercial enterprises are often needed for effective outcomes.                                                                                                                                            SARA
is the most common model used, according to Crime Solutions, (Online, 2017).
They state that the four stages scanning, analysis, response and assessment are
broad and can be focused on in different ways. Crime Solutions, (Online, 2017),
states “SARA requires assessment on an ongoing basis to determine whether or
not the response is effective. This enables responses to be modified, if
necessary, on a rolling basis”.                                                                                                                                                   
              The first S in SARA,
stands for Scanning, this Identifies and prioritises problems and determines
whether it is a problem worth pursuing for example, whether it is important
enough to follow up and if it can be amended. They do this by doing an early
review of clusters of similar, related or recurring incidents, utilising
different kinds of qualitative and quantitative intelligence from a broad spectrum
of key sources. Once the problem has been raised, Citizens Reports PACT and
community Contacts etc can be contacted, this can get information about
anything that has been occurring around the community that could be in connection
of the incident that is being investigated. Police knowledge such as informal
knowledge crime analysis and public surveys are also used. Other ages such as
media and charities, and government. All these organisations can come together
and put their information in and work out what can be done to prevent anymore incidents
happening. These organisations can identify recurring problems that have been
notified to the public and police, the consequences of the problem on the
community and the police, they can prioritize which problems are more important
then others,