Assignment of 20th and first decade of 21st
Assignment 1 | Brief Policy Review | Divyam RavalUrban Governance and Management Studio | MUM | Spring Sem | 2018PM000917 Page | 1NATIONAL WATER POLICY (MOWR), 2002 EXECUTIVE SUMMARYThe document of national water policy (2002) was drafted so that in the later years of first decade of 21st century, it would prove effective in establishing a focused course of action for efficient use of water as a national resource. The document itself starts with statement that water is a prime natural resource and then duly justifies, why is water really a prime resource. The document inculcated various relevant topics varying from information system to training for development of water resources (22 topics in between).The document has well emphasized on the needs of future and has captured and instilled procedures of planning and management of water resources. All aspects such as social, technological, administrative and scientific have been dealt with appropriately and a precise outline for guidance has been provided.JUSTIFICATION FOR NEED OF AN UPDATED WATER POLICYThe previous water policy was adopted and released in September, 1987, thereafter due to need of addressing issues that had crop up in last decade of 20th and first decade of 21st century, an updated version of it was put in place. Need for a new policy was justified by establishing facts and figures on latest scientific and technological developments in area of water quality, increased production of food grains, increased water demand in various sectors, effects of natural disasters and its importance for socio-economic development. COMPONENTS OF POLICY INFORMATION SYSTEM Information system as a requisite for resource planning Establishment of standardized national information system Improvising on integration of network between Centre and state and amongst various states Developing special ability for collection, analysis/processing and dissemination of data via continuous technological upgradation WATER RESOURCES PLANNING Focus on making every possible water resource reach within boundary of utilization Plan to enhance water resource management in a multi sectoral method Best use of traditional and non-conventional approach Signifies watershed management by catchment level conservation2INSTITUIONAL MECHANISMBased on hydrological unit making an effective plan for development and management ofwater resource and integration of quality, quantity and environmental aspects for the sameEstablishment of river basin management organization that would prepare comprehensive planto use river basin resources as per legislation, agreements and guidance of basin statesWATER ALLOCATION PRIOORITIES:Water allocation was prioritized again keeping in focus basic needs of population, as follows:1. Drinking water2. Irrigation3. Hydro-Power4. Ecology5. Agricultural and Non-Agri industries6. Navigation and other usePROJECT PLANNINGAiming at planning in a way that water projects become multi-purpose, signifies socio-environmentalimpact studies to a better depth.Giving quality of environment importance above all (if any, instructs to offset it by adequatecompensation).Discusses about implementation of new hydro-power projects so as to be socially justifiable.Cost overruns and time wastage prevention by better project management and more involvement ofstakeholders since stage of project planningGROUND WATER DEVELOPMENTRegulation of ground water resources and periodical assessment of potential of water quality andquantity. Ensuring social equity in use of ground water resources. Integrating surface and ground wateruse since stage of project planning.DRINKING WATERProvision of potable drinking water to all types of areas and project sites as well.POLICY ALSO GIVES INSIGHT ON:IRRIGATIONRESETTLEMENT AND REHABILITATIONFINANCIAL AND PHYSICAL SUSTAINABILITY3PARTICIPATORY APPROACH TO WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPATION WATER QUALITY WATER ZONING CONSERVATION OF WATER FLOOD CONTROL AND MANAGEMENT LAND EROSION BY SEA OR RIVER DROUGHT-PRONE AREA DEVELOPMENT MONITORING OF PROJECTS WATER SHARING / DISTRIBUTION AMONGST THE STATES PERFORMANCE IMPROVEMENT MAINTENANCE AND MODERNISATION SAFETY OF STRUCTURES SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY TRAININGCONCLUSIONTo conclude the brief, it would be important to state that water has been given necessary importance and all the focus is put on execution of various multi-sectoral water projects in one way or the other. It shall be noted that commitment of principles of this policy and maintain a consensus on implementation of this policy at various levels is acknowledged.