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The practitioner’s main responsibilities in a professional relationship differ between children, adults and other professionals. The responsibilities the practitioner must carry out whilst working with children are to ensure all children are treated equally and fairly. This can be done by ensuring that there is no favouritism or preferential treatment shown to a particular child or children. It is also essential that no child is discriminated against.
Although all children should be treated equally is also important to value diversity and understand that not all children have the same educational or personal needs and it is vital you provide for these needs in order to fulfil your responsibilities. It is critical that you adhere to confidentiality unless it is legally required to be shared. Keeping consistent boundaries and rules is important in order for the child to become familiar with the rules and for them to develop an understanding of what they are and are not allowed to do. The responsibilities differ slightly while working with parents.
It is still important to maintain confidentiality as not only is it complying with the law, it also helps to develop a trusting relationship with the parent, which will allow them feel secure enough to confide in the practitioner any problems they or the child may have. The practitioner should ensure they maintain a friendly relationship with the parent whilst being careful not to get over familiar and remaining impartial. It is important to remember that the parents know the child the best, so you must work with them in order for the child to be cared for as best as possible.
The parents need to trust you to look after their children, you can gain their trust by being open and honest with them, answering any questions they may have and sharing any information you may have about the child, for example if the child had any problems such as a accident during the day. As well as with children and parents you must develop a professional relationship with other colleagues and professionals. This means making sure you work together as a team and share the workload making sure everyone is doing their fair share and not one person doing the majority.
You must make sure that all staff communicates with each other well and everyone is on the same page. “Do not assume that colleagues will always share the same opinions as you” (Tassoni P, 2007 p. 223) it is important that you remain professional if a colleague has an opinion that is different from your own, and do not disrespect them because you disagree with them. It is essential that your colleagues trust you and feel that you give them adequate support. This will allow them to form a better relationship with you. “You will perform very well when you work in an environment you feel comfortable with.
That is why building good relationship or rapport at work is essential. ” (http://hubpages. com/hub/Establish-Good-Relationships-with-Your-Colleagues-To-Keep-Your-Job) Two issues that contribute to maintaining professional relationships with children and adults are maintaining confidentiality and good communication. Maintaining confidentiality is essential as it allows both the child and the adult to trust you. If the parent feels like they can trust you, they will be more likely to share information and concerns with you that may affect the child.
For example if a parent is going through a separation and the child is acting up because of this, because the parent has confided in you with this information it allows you, it not only helps you explain why the child has been acting differently it also allows you to provide both the child and the adult support and help in dealing with this problem. In order for the parents to trust a worker they must feel that the worker will respect their right to privacy and confidentiality. For them to feel assured it will remain confidential, it is essential that you do not talk about any parent to another and never listen or be part of gossip.
Good communication is key to a good relationship as you are keeping the parents feel informed and involved. A parent may be nervous or concerned about an issue regarding the setting or the child. By talking with them about the issues they are worried about, explaining any problems and reassuring them, they will feel a lot more secure about letting the child go into the setting. With both the child and the adult is important to listen as well as talk and allow the other person a chance to get their point across.
This will allow them to feel valued and that their point of view matters. It is also important to remember not all parents or children may be able to communicate as well as others, for example if they are deaf or speak a different language. In these circumstances it is key that the you finds a way to communicate in which both the parent or child and the practitioner can understand everything that is going on, this can be done through written communication, sign language or a communicator. In all areas of childcare here are clients that require the help of more than one professional, this is known as a multi–agency approach. “The term multi-agency approach is increasingly used to describe the way that several professionals may be involved supporting children and their families” (Tassoni P, 2007 p. 11) There should be a mix of education, health, and social care within the team and each member has a different role, however they all work together as one team. This approach ensures that all information about the child is passed along to all the people that are involved.
The main benefits are there are better links between service providers and a greater understanding of their practise and a chance for professional development. Mental health staff identified that the joint work in the multi-team agency had led to increased happiness and peer relationships improving. As all the team is located at one setting, this mean parents can leave their children in the nursery while attending a parenting class or taking a younger child to clinic in the same building. Also as information is shared with all professionals conflicting advice or appointments can be minimised.
As the parent and child deal with the same group of professionals every time it allows them to develop trusting relationships, this can benefit not only the child and adult but the practitioner as well as it is more likely they will be willing to share necessary information. Also by having someone familiar to talk to can be more reassuring for the child or adult than talking with a stranger. The benefits of developing reflective practice are important because it allows you to look at yours and the settings practices and then see what needs to be improved and done differently. “Re? cting on your day-to-day practice enables you to analyse why and how you do things, and to consider whether other approaches might bene? t you” (http://www. pearsonschoolsandfecolleges. co. uk/FEAndVocational/Childcare/NVQSVQ/NVQSVQ_CCLD/Samples/SamplematerialfromtheSNVQAssessorHandbookforCCLD/NVQAssHB_Chpt5. pdf). The reflective cycle is as follows (http://www. brookes. ac. uk/services/upgrade/a-z/reflective_gibbs. html) By describing what had happened and what feelings you had at the time, allows you to remember ever aspect of the situation and the thoughts and feelings you had.
Evaluating what happened lets you weigh up the good and bad points of the experience, letting you see what was good about the way it was handled, and what needs to be improved and by analysing the situation you can see what the problem was and why you did or did not do certain things. For example if a situation involved you not speaking out about something then you could analyse that you lacked assertiveness and that is why you didn’t speak out. The conclusion allows you to assess what could have been done differently or what should have happened instead.
By making an action plan if the situation or something similar came up again you will already know how to handle it to the best of your abilities. Overall the reflective cycle allows you to reflect on your teaching practice, skills and knowledge seeing what worked and what could be better. It also allows you to identify areas in which you need help or improvement. The reflective practice is important for improving your own performance as it allows you to criticise and analyse your performance and recognise your weaknesses where as you normally wouldn’t, by looking at the situation from a different perspective.
Unless you know where you went wrong or what your weaknesses are, then you will be unable to work on them or improve them. Reflective practice allows you to develop your own learning and skills, by taking previous scenarios and working out what the best possible outcome could be. As well as recognising your weaknesses, it also provides you with the opportunity to discover your strengths and help you develop and expand on them. Two strategies that you can use to improve your own learning and performance would be to create a personal development plan and to receive feedback and appraisal from other members of staff or supervisors.
By making a personal development plan, you will be helping to achieve your own goals and assist in shaping your future practice. It allows you to gain a clearer focus to your learning and what you are working towards. By having set plans you help to keep yourself motivated and are less likely to give up on the plan. It gives you a better understanding of how you learn and how to improve your performance while making you more aware of how to improve your weaknesses. It also helps you to focus on the areas that need development, not only during work but in your home life as well.
As the plan will include goals and targets you will feel sense of fulfilment and achievement once you complete a goal or target. Also once you have completed the plan you can evaluate the targets you have reached and the successfulness and overall effect on your performance. The second strategy is to receive feedback and appraisal from other members of staff or supervisors. “Feedback about your practice is an important part of reflective practice” (Tassoni P, 2007 p. 230). An appraisal should include an assessment of your job description, and a discussion about your achievements and targets for development.
You should be given a date for your next appraisal in order for you to have a timescale for you to accomplish your targets. By listening carefully to feedback you should be able to gain information that could possibly help you reflect upon your performance. Receiving feedback from your supervisor will allow you compile a list of areas that both you and your supervisor feel is important you develop upon. By having feedback given to you, you feel like you have the person’s support to achieve the goals you need.
It is important to get feedback so you have an idea where you are going wrong or what needs to be expanded upon. “With proper feedback, teachers can better control and improve their own performance; without proper feedback, teachers operate blindly, not knowing when their efforts succeed or fail. ” (Roger Neugebauer) The principles and values that underpin working with children are outlined in the CACHE Statement of Values which are: “Put the child first by: Ensuring the child’s welfare and safety. Showing compassion and sensitivity Respecting the child as an individual
Upholding the child’s rights and dignity Enabling the child to achieve their full learning potential * Never use physical punishment * Respect the parent, or those in parenting role, as the primary carer and educator of the child * Respect the contribution and expertise of staff in the child care and education field and other professionals with whom they may be involved * Respect the customs, values and spiritual beliefs of the child and their family * Uphold CACHE’s Equality and Diversity Statement * Honour the confidentiality of information relating to the child and heir family, unless its disclosure is required by law or is in the best interest of the child” (CACHE, Course Handbook, Level 3 Award, Level 3 Certificate and Level 3 Diploma in Child Care and Education, 4th Edition) The child’s health and safety can be achieved by following health and safety policies and legislations, such as all child workers having CRB checks in order to evaluate their suitability with working with children. It is also important that the children have a chance to speak to the childcare practitioner individually if they have any problems, in order for the practitioner to get any future help they may need.
The child can be treated with compassion and sensitivity by the practitioner showing understanding of different cultures and religions in the class, this will allow all children to feel involved and welcome. It is also vital that the child feels that their opinions and thoughts are being listened to and respected, this will allow the child to feel valued and can help them grow in confidence. By helping a child with any problems they may have, being personal or educational can help them improve to their full learning potential.
For example a child may have difficulty writing certain letters, by working with the child you can establish whether it is just the child not knowing how to write the letters or if it is a problem such as dyslexia that is stopping them. Physical punishment is never something that should be practiced. “Physical punishment is the use of force inflicted on a child, usually as a corrective measure for dangerous or bad behaviour. This includes actions such as slapping on the leg, arm or hand with a bare hand; smacking on the bottom with a bare hand; slapping on the face, head or ears, or pinching. (http://www. nspcc. org. uk/Inform/research/questions/physical_punishment_law_attitudes_wda70205. html) Not only is physical punishment an offence under sections 18 and 20 of the Offences Against the Person Act 1861, it is also detrimental to a child’s behaviour, it can teach them that physical punishment is okay if the ‘child deserves it’. It can also have a negative effect on their confidence, if they’ve been punished for something they didn’t understand was wrong, they’re going to be over cautious about trying new things in case they receive the same punishment.
Parents provide an active bridge between home and school, it is important that they are kept informed about the child and their wellbeing. The parents are the ones who have educated the child since birth, and many may be feeling the effects of empty nest syndrome. The parents are needed to provide important information on the child, for example any medical or dietary conditions. It is vital that the CACHE’s Equality and Diversity statement is upheld, as this will allow the child to not feel discriminated against.
Also the only time confidential information should be disclosed is if it is by law, or if the child could potentially be harmed if it is not made aware of, for example if a child was getting physically abused at home, it is necessary that you tell your supervisor and whoever else needs to know in order to protect the child from further abuse. It is important to value and respect all children in a childcare setting as it is needed in order to encourage the children to feel valued and to learn how to value and treat others with respect.
Many of the main principles that underpin working with children can support the practitioner’s practice in the setting. For example “Ensuring the child’s welfare and safety. ” Makes sure that health and safety procedures are in place. Such as no member of staff allowed to work with children without a CRB check. Other health and safety practices put in place are all outer doors having pin code locks, ensuring no child can get out and no body can get in without permission. Honour the confidentiality of information relating to the child and their family, unless its disclosure is required by law or is in the best interest of the child” Confidentiality is upheld by ensuring that no practitioner talks about any sensitive or private matter is talked about openly. If the practitioner needs to talk to a child, adult or colleague about a confidential subject, then they should do so in a private room. Also any classified or confidential data is kept out of reach.
Equality and anti-discriminatory practices are influenced by the fact you must “Respect the child as an individual”, “respect the customs, values and spiritual beliefs of the child and their family” and “Uphold CACHE’s Equality and Diversity Statement” This means that all children are treated the same and given the same opportunities regardless of their backgrounds or abilities , however it also means that individual children have individual needs that should be met, for example a child may have a disability that affects their movement, Instead of being told they cannot join in with the other children during P.
E, they are given extra help to be able to do the same activity as other children, or if it is impossible for the child to do