Change Each and every action by us, especially

Change is constant. This statement is true for every
ecological system we live in and although if not solely, humans are responsible
for most of that change . Each and every action by us, especially in this
generation accounts for changes in the environment around us. Sadly not many of
us are concerned about the change that we bring culturally and ecologically,
except for a few NGO’s and activists . In a place like India the political
activities would have major impact on the ecology because of its diverse nature.
Pankaj Sekhsaria, a researcher in Science and Humanities is one of the few
environmental activists in India who studies the complex issues that arise with
these changes. Throughout the last two decades he has raised many issues like
battle against plastic, endangered wild species, the Sagarmala project and many
more. But his main interest and engagement all the time was in “The
Andaman and Nicobar Islands”. This should be no wonder considering the
uniqueness of the islands in each and every way possible.

                                 For a place
like Andaman and Nicobar islands there are mainly three factors that we need to
take into consideration for a better understanding of it. The three factors are
the environment, communities that are present there and the type of development
that needs to happen. The geographical position of these islands account for
the unique flora and fauna present there. It is home for many varieties of
plants and animals that are found nowhere else in the world. The tropical rain
forest has hundreds of varieties of forest mammals, birds, insects and flowers.
Some of these are endemic due to illegal human activities. Coming to the
demographics, it’s population is around four lakhs and around 500 of them are
native tribe communities like Jarawa , Sintenelese  and Nicobarese. These islands are prone to
natural calamities like earthquakes very frequently.

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                               Now that we know
the thing that define these islands these are the main questions raised by
Pankaj Sekhsaria as an environmentalist over his two and half decade study of
the islands. Is Development really needed in a place like Andaman. If yes, what
type and to what extent? According to his argument, if government proposes a
new type of project to happen there so that we can boost our economy and
develop, there is an indirect impact on the culture and ecology present there. There
is a very interesting case to describe this. At the start of 2000 there was a
rumour spreading out in the andaman and Nicobar Islands that people will be
able to witness the first sunrise of the millennial. This attracted many
tourists. The Government of Andaman and Nicobar took it as an opportunity to
boost its tourism sector. Its efforts were almost to get 20000 people on a tiny
Island of katchal. Most of the visitors were foreigners. These types of events
require large amounts of natural resources to be used from those islands .
Again at the end of the event all the waste has to be dumped In The Island
itself. Luckily this even never happened number of questions were posted by the
environmental groups. This lead to a campaign to know the real facts behind the
event. After a significant research the 
whole thing turned out to be bogus. If the event really happened there
would have been tons of waste