CHAPTER any kind of research. In this

CHAPTER 4: DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS

 

4.1 CHAPTER INTRODUCTION –

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Primary and secondary data are the two main process of conducting any kind of research. In this research, both primary and secondary data have been used. Primary data were collected from the participants those can help this research and contribute to the process of data collection. Secondary data has been collected from the articles, Journals, and literature. In this chapter, these evaluations and analyses are discussed.

Questionnaire survey and interviews have been used to gather primary data. 50 random peoples those are living in slums were participated in a questionnaire survey and 5 people were participated in interviews from the same area to justify the answers and to know their feeling about their answers.

7 same structured questions have been asked to the participants of questionnaire survey and interviews. Results of 7 questions have been discussed and analyzed according to results of questionnaire survey, interviews and literature review after each and every question.

4.2 results of quetionnaire survey and interviews –

QUETIONNAIRE SURVEY (Q-1)

The first question is about the occupation of people those are living in slums, according to the questionnaire survey result more than half of the people (54%) have mentioned that they have jobs, 44% people have their business and 2% people have mentioned other option. Results are shown in table 1.

 

 

Frequency

Percent

Valid Percent

Cumulative Percent

Valid

Job

27

54.0

54.0

54.0

Business

22

44.0

44.0

98.0

Other

1

2.0

2.0

100.0

Total

50

100.0

100.0

 

                                                   Table 1

INTERVIEW (Q1)-

While interviewing 5 people, 4 people out of 5 have jobs in construction sites, factories, and industries and work as a labor, whereas 1 person has a business of roadside tea stall. Participants were saying they are uneducated and cant do better work because they don’t know anything about computers and don’t have the experience to do a better job that’s why they have to work as a labor or do small businesses.

 

ANALYZING (Q1) –

In literature review (chapter 2) it is mentioned that economic condition is very low because illiteracy, mostly slum dwellers cant write and read so they work as rickshaw pullers, auto drivers, roadside small shops, laborer, house cleaners etc. (Singh, 2016).

According to the questionnaire survey result and interview it is proved that mostly in slums people work in factories, construction sites as a labor because of lack of education these people unable to get a better job and other people mostly have business as small tea stalls, auto-rickshaw drivers.

 

 

QUESTIONNAIRE SURVEY (Q-2)

The next question is about the salary of people those are living in slums and in questionnaire survey the result is that more than half of the people in slums earn in between 10000 rupees (95 pounds) to 20000 rupees (190 pounds) per month, 40% of the people earn in between from 0 to 10000 Rupees

(0-190 pounds) whereas, only 8% of people have above 20000 Rupees (190 pounds) income per month. Results are shown in Table 2.

 

 

Frequency

Percent

Valid Percent

Cumulative Percent

Valid

0-10000 Rupees

20

40.0

40.0

40.0

10000 – 20000 Rupees

26

52.0

52.0

92.0

Above 20000 Rupees

4

8.0

8.0

100.0

Total

50

100.0

100.0

 

                                                             Table 2-

INTERVIEW (Q-2)

While interviewing these questions to 5 people in slums, most of them were saying that income as a labor in India is very low and 4 people out of 5 work 5 days in a week on construction sites, factories, and industries. In industries and factories, they get paid only around 12000 rupees (110 pounds) per month whereas one person has a business of roadside local tea stall and he earns more than 20000 rupees (190 pounds) per month.

 

Analyzing  (Q-2) –

In accordance with literature review it can be suggested that due to lack of facilities and bad conditions in slums, students can’t focus on education. Education in India especially in slums is a valued opportunity and will also benefit children in their future. In slums, people are mostly uneducated due to the lack of funding and government support and they are unable to get a good job in their present and future if conditions do not improve. Therefore, due to such challenges people in slums have to work as a labor or to do small business such as roadside tea and coffee stalls etc. (Pawar and Mane, 2013). The results obtained from the questionnaire survey and interviews are similar in terms of how and why people are working as a labor.

 

 

 

QUETIONNAIRE (Q-3) –
This question is “what is the main challenge being living in slums” the results are as around 42% of people think that their main concern being living in slums is health, 36% of people think that employment is the main challenge being living in slums and only 22% people think that education is the main problem. Results are shown in Table 3.

 
 
 
 

Frequency

Percent

Valid Percent

Cumulative Percent

Valid

Health

21

42.0

42.0

42.0

Education

11

22.0

22.0

64.0

Employment

18

36.0

36.0

100.0

Total

50

100.0

100.0

 

                                                     Table 3

 

INTERVIEW (Q-3) –

While during interview of 5 people in slums, 3 people think that health is the main problem because of the unhygienic living condition, sanitation problems, unhealthy diets, impure water On the other 1 person have told about that employment is the main issue because of they are not trained about anything except work in labor and business of small tea stalls and autorickshaw drivers, whereas another 1 person said education is a major problem.

 

ANALYSING (Q-3) –

According to the literature study, health, education, and employment all of them are showing to be the challenges while living in slums because all three play a crucial and important role to get a better quality of life. In addition to this, according to the questionnaire survey and interviews results that problems relating to health are the major challenge faced when living in slums, for example, During the interviews 3 out of 5 people have been hospitalized because of the effect of living conditions in 

Slums (poor sanitation, unhygienic environment and lack of clean drinking water). On the other hand, education is the third important issue amongst people residing in slums after health and employment according to the questionnaire survey.ww

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