Chapter of current scenario Nowadays social media

Chapter
Two

Literature
Review

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This
chapter going to discuss in detail about the Impact of social media and mental
wellbeing among College students of their previous studies. Impact of social
media is nowadays debate of current scenario Nowadays social media use has
increased. According to some statics more usage of social site is Facebook in
the year of 2011. According to “Essential social media marketing statics for
2017″ (Mary lister., 2017)”83% female users in Facebook rather than 75% of male
users”. ‘Teenagers 32% of users consider that Instagram is one of the important
social network. In this case female users are more likely use than male users
and its ratio is 38% of female and 26% of male.81% millennials check twitter
once per day’. Most Instagram users are at the age of 18-29. “22% of the world
population people had Facebook account. According to Whitney sue Thoene.,2012).
Mental-wellbeing is individual life going well. It’s like an combination of
feeling happy and functioning well.Experinces the negative feeling like failure,grief,sadness
is normal part of life and mental wellbeing is able to manage these negative
feelings. “a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely
the absence of disease or infirmity” (WHO.,1948). WHO has defined positive mental
health as “a state of well-being in which the individual realizes his or her
own abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively
and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community”
(WHO, 2001).

 

“Loneliness
as the Cause and the Effect of Problematic Internet Use: The Relationship
between Internet Use and Psychological Well-BeingRobert” ( LaRose et al.,2009).
Individuals who are lonely and use the Internet to compensate their deficient
social skills might experience negative life outcomes , some social uses of the
Internet may be quite harmless even if they interfere somewhat with real-world activities.’

 “Strong,
Weak, and Latent Ties and the Impact of New Media”

(Caroline Haythornthwaite.,2002)-They
will be more ready to adopt new media that

suit
or complement their communication needs, more able to each other to use and
adapt it.

 “College students’
social networking experiences on Facebook”
(Pempek et al.,2009). averaged 27.93 minutes on the site on weekdays and 28.44
minutes per day on

weekends
the majority of students also used the site in the evenings as

the
hours of 9:00PM to 12:00AM were the mostly commonly reported log-in times.

“Impact
of Media on Children and Adolescents:

A
10-Year Review of the Research”( SUSAN VILLANI, M.D.,1996) “The speed and easy
access to the world through the web of cyberspace will clearly have an effect
on the growth and development of children just as other forms of media have
contributed” it has both positive and negative effects. “The cost of ignoring
the impact of the media on children and adolescents will be enormous, This
leads to further concerns about the potential for increased social isolation
and limited capacity to understand human relationships.”

Users of the world, unite! The challenges and opportunities of
Social Media Kaplan and Michael Haenlein.,2010. By 1979, Tom
Truscott and Jim Ellis from Duke University
had created the Usenet, a worldwide discussion
system that allowed Internet users to

post
public messages. Social networking sites are applications that enable  users to connect by creating personal
information profiles, inviting friends and colleagues to have

access
to those profiles, and sending e-mails and instant messages between each other.
These personal profiles can include any type of information, including photos,
video, audio files, and blogs. According to Wikipedia, the largest social
networking sites are U.S.-based Facebook (initially founded by Mark Zuckerberg
to stay in touch with his fellow students from Harvard University) and MySpace (with
1,500 employees and more than 250 million

registered
users). Social networking sites are of such high popularity, specifically among
younger Internet Today, everything is about Social Media. Some industry gurus
claim that if you do not participate in Facebook, YouTube, and Second Life, you
are not part of cyberspace anymore. Social Media allow firms to engage in
timely and direct end-consumer contact at relatively low cost and higher levels
of efficiency than can be achieved with more traditional communication tools. Social
Consequences of the Internet for Adolescents-Patti M. Valkenburg and Jochen
Peter.,2009-comparison with face-to-face communication, online communication
may result in greater positivity of interaction. Processes may all qualify as
alternative explanations for the positive relationship between Internet use and
social connectedness found in recent studies. The positive effect of online
communication with existing friends may be attributed to enhanced online
self-disclosure.

 

Friend Networking Sites and Their Relationship to Adolescents’
Well-Being and Social Self-Esteem JOCHEN PETER.,2006-a small percentage of
adolescents (7%)

did predominantly or always receive negative feedback on their
profiles.