Charlemagne his younger brother. When his brother died

Charlemagne (742-814) ruled
over Western Europe in the Early Middle Ages. He became King of the Franks after
the Frankish Kingdom was divided between him and his younger brother. When his
brother died Charlemagne became sole ruler. King Charles had a strong
relationship with the Roman Church. Charlemagne was particularly generous when
it came to the poor. He gave to the poor in his own country and kingdom along
with countries such as Syria, Egypt, African, Jerusalem, Alexandria, and
Carthage. Charlemagne sent money abroad to these countries and to the poor
living in them. His reasoning was that he aimed to provide help and liberation
to the Christians. King Charles worshiped the Church of St. Peter the Apostle
at Rome. He sent gifts to the popes throughout his reign and he wished to
re-establish the authority of Rome under his guidance. Charlemagne also sought
to both defend and protect the church. Charlemagne’s ultimate goal was to bring
the Germanic people together united under one Kingdom and convert the people to
Christianity. Anyone persons under his rule who failed to be baptized or failed
to follow Christian traditions was sentenced to death. Charlemagne was an
advocate and defender of Christianity. Einhard’s writing showed King Charles’
relationship with Christianity. This is important because it taught historians
that Charlemagne played a major role in ensuring the survival of Christianity
in Europe.

            Much of Charlemagne’s rule was spent in warfare. This is
because in order to accomplish his goals of uniting the Germanic people under
one kingdom he needed to conquer them. Warfare also was meant as a way to spread
Christianity to the nations in which he sought to rule. King Charles dominated the
Lombards, Avars, and Bavaria. Charlemagne’s military was always at war because
he wished to expand the Frankish Kingdom. This was important because it showed
that he had a strong government. It started with the Aquitanian War. This
particular was started by his father. Charles went about this war with patience;
this showed that he was controlled. The Lombard War was a quick war. Charles
also took a different approach to warfare than his father. “Now, although
Charles seems to have had similar, or rather just the same grounds for
declaring war that his father had, the war itself differed from the preceding
one alike in its difficulties and its issue.” (Einhard, p.24) Charles did not
cease until he had shattered King Desiderius and forced him to surrender. This
is important because it proves that Charlemagne was ruthless when it came to
expanding his empire.

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war with the Saxons was bitter and long. This was forced conversion and it
expanded the empire. “Accordingly war was begun
against them, and was waged for thirty-three successive years with great fury;
more, however, to the disadvantage of the Saxons than of the Franks. It could
doubtless have been brought to an end sooner, had it not been for the faithlessness
of the Saxons.” (Einhard, p.26-27) There were times throughout this war
that the Saxon people were so distraught that they swore to renounce the devil
and to begin following Christianity. The war finally ended when the Saxons
reluctantly agreed to renounce their religious customs and accept the
sacraments of Christianity. They also agreed on unity with the Franks. This is
important because it showed how relentless Charlemagne was when it came to
spreading Christianity. The war with the Saxons lasted about thirty-two years.
King Charles never yielded. Einhard’s writing of Charlemagne’s wars show
exactly how he spread Christianity and conquered other nations.

After the wars, Charlemagne truly demonstrated how he fared as a
ruler. King Charles encouraged education and the Renaissance. He also placed a
big emphasis on scholarship and culture. Charlemagne also had many economic and
religious reforms. By doing this he created a sense of peace and unity among
his people. Charles planned to have all of his children, both boys and girls
educated in the liberal arts. He also spent a lot of his own time focusing on
the liberal arts. He made sure his children were skilled in different areas.
The boys must be skilled in horsemanship, war practice and the chase. The girls
had to work with cloth-making, distaff and spindle. Charlemagne’s personal life
and the way he brought up his children was a clear reflection of how devoted he
was to their education and well-being. “He was so careful of the training of
his sons and daughters that he never took his meals without them when he was at
home, and never made a journey without them; his sons would ride at his side,
and his daughters follow him, while a number of his body-guard, detailed for
their protection, brought up the rear.”(Einhard, p.53) Charlemagne was very
interested in education. He stressed grammar, logic, and rhetoric. He enforced
education onto his children and encouraged it throughout his kingdom.