Constructivism the student will regain his balance on

Constructivism is an understanding of the nature of information that explains how an individual understands and learns. The main point of action is pragmatism.Constructivism brings together many supporting theorists. These theorists who we often encounter in educational sciences and support constructivism; Piaget, Vygotsky, Brunner, J. Dewey, Barlett and Gestalt. These theorists explain the structuralist approach in various ways.According to Piaget, the schemes try to explain each new situation with old information.According to Vygotsky, constructivism is a process of meaning. This interpretation occurs interactively.According to Bruner, learning activities take place within the principle of research, problem solving and cooperation. In this process, the teacher is the guide and the student is the person who is discovering.According to J. Dewey, information does not depend on subject areas. Persons construct knowledge with past experiences. Therefore, knowledge is experimental, subjective and subjective. There is no general way for everyone to access information.Types of ConstructivismThe types of constructivism included in KPSS teaching methods and techniques are grouped under 4 headings.1) Cognitive Methodology Constructivism (Piaget): Learning is an individual initiative. So individual differences are taken into account. The main function of the teacher is to create an imbalance of the student’s schemes. Then the student will regain his balance on his own scheme.2) Social Oriented Constructivism (Vygotsky): Learning is a conscious activity that takes place within the social and cultural structure of the individual. The task of the teacher is to create an environment where a healthy interaction can take place. Cognition is a social structure and occurs in the social context.3) Radical Constructivism: Knowledge, experience is based entirely on the environment.No one can have the same experience and experience. So no one can have a common knowledge field.4) Critical Constructivism: Every individual should come to the front with a critical construct.To give a general overview of these explanations supporting the constructivism;The individual does not passively translate knowledge, but learns content and process at the same time through effective learning. Knowledge is effectively structured by the individual. Thus constructivism develops the individual’s effective learning, critical thinking, problem solving skills. In addition, the individual can not internalize information independent of his own learning