Country: in breastfeeding. Over the past 5 decades,
Country: The Republic of Cuba (Cuba)Committee: ECOSOCCommittee Topic: Food ScarcityThe Republic of Cuba (Cuba) has a shared concern with other member states regarding the increase in people suffering from malnutrition due to extreme poverty. Research conducted states that lives of about 3.1 million children are lost annually due to undernutrition and 795 million in the world suffer from chronic undernourishment as a result of the lack of food security in the world. Internationally, Cuba stands as the only Latin American country to have 0% child malnutrition. Nationally, Cuba establishes various food aid programmes such as the Joint Programme which involves UNICEF, WFP and other UN agencies to reduce the prevalence of anaemia in Cuba. Past actions by the programme include increasing the availability of micronutrients-rich vegetables and establishing milk banks for mothers experiencing difficulty in breastfeeding. Over the past 5 decades, Cuba’s conscious efforts in creating comprehensive social programmes to eradicate poverty and hunger has earned herself a rank of 67 out of 188 countries in the 2015 Human Development Index and is one of the most successful in achieving the Millennium Development Goals. Cuba recognises the importance of maintaining food security and takes into consideration factors that lead to surges in food prices and threaten national food security. Highly prone to natural disasters such as tropical storms, droughts and hurricanes, climate hazards have caused over US$20 billion in losses, posing a threat to food security and the country’s economy. Cuba’s reliance of having 773000 people receive emergency food aid from the World Food Programme (WFP) after the 2005 Cuban drought shows the magnitude of damage and displays Cuba’s vulnerability towards natural disasters. La libreta, in which each family is rationed food with a “supply booklet” continues to exist 50 years after the fall of the Soviet Union. When rations that last for a month are used up before the next rationing date, families across Cuba earning an average of US$ 30 a month struggle to get food from a regular market where where 1 kilogram of beef costs half the 260 peso monthly pension of a retired worker. Cuba believes that a solution to improving the current food situation requires a collaborative effort across all member states in which global partnerships should be established and To alleviate the current situation of food scarcity in certain countries, Cuba actively involves herself in various food aid programmes. To resolve Cuba also requests an end to the U.S. economic embargo and other sanctions against Cuba’s government. Factoring in the depreciation of the dollar against the international price of gold, U.S. economic sanctions against Cuba have resulted in an estimated economic damage of $1.11 trillion over the past years.