Designer babies is a term used for children that have been changed
genetically in the womb, which is a place in which something is produced to
have the features parents choose for them. When scientists look through embryo
screening they can tell what physical characteristics the children are going to
have when they grow up and whether that genetics changing will be risky for him
or her to have disorders because it can have an impact on the child. Designer babies
are made through invitro fertilization where the embryo is removed from the
mother and is moved in a lab to have the quality that they want for their baby
and then placed in the mother’s womb where the baby is formed to finish the
changes and the developments that they made to the designer baby.
This process has given humans the ability to shape the
genetic sequences of a creature for thousands of years by choosing the quality
that they prefer for the fetus (the baby). Scientific method is needed to
improve genetic manipulation and to add new DNA in a baby. The skill to change
the baby’s genetics is causing many people to talk and discuss about this,
mainly when it comes to the effect it will have on humans. Genetic manipulation
is a procedure done to shape the baby in order to have the features we want.
In the past, genetic manipulation was reached by selective
breeding. Selective breeding can be described as an animal or plant would be
born with the quality that they want, and a farmer would breed this plant or
animal to have in result more creatures with that quality. Selective breeding resulted
in a big amount of breeds of dogs. Selective breeding is also why we have
vegetables like kale, broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage and more.
As shown in the image below, each of these plants was bred
for thousands of years for certain appearance, for example broccoli and
cauliflower were bred for their skill to produce flowering heads. The
appearances seen in each plant were the results of natural development genetic
difference’s found in the creature or living thing.
Figure 1: humans have shaped the genetic features in common
characteristics for thousands of years. A selection of the vegetables that we
might like is a variety of the same plant.