a war, an airplane carrying British boys crashes down in the Pacific. All the boys
survive, except for the pilot, who was the only grown up among them.
a handsome boy with long and fair hair, whose father works in the English military,
is the first to be introduced in the story. Along with Ralph is Piggy. Piggy is
a chubby short boy who wears glasses and have Asthma.
finds a conch from the sea, and uses it as a trumpet to call the remaining
survivors from the crash site. Throughout the book, the conch is used as a
symbol of civilization, order, and power. When he blows the conch, he starts
seeing presence of live on the beach. The first boy who follows the sound of
the conch is Johnny, then the twins, few younger boys, and at last, Jack, who
is accompanied by his Choir.
ask for a chief and they all vote for Ralph to be their leader. Ralph being in
charge now, choses jack to be the leader of the hunting group. Then, Ralph
chose Simon and Jack to go with him to explore the island. In their expedition
they climb a mountain, where they realized that they are on deserted island. They
decided to go down the mountain and go back to other boys. On their way they
find a pig, and jack boldly decides to kill it, but then he hesitates and the
pig runs away.
the conch, Ralph calls on an assembly. He talks about having a fire signal, so
the ships passing by could notice the smoke and could come to rescue them. A
young boy with a huge birth mark on his face from the littluns is pushed
forward by the littuns to talk for them. He asked Ralph “what are you going to
do about the snake thing, it was a beastie”. But Ralph tells them(the litteuns)
that there is no such thing as beastie, but if they ever find such thing then
they will kill it. The rest of the boys were already overwhelmed because of the
fire, so they all start shouting “FIRE” “FIRE” “FIRE” and Jack led them into
the wood part of the island. They make fire using Piggy’s glasses, but soon
after, the fire becomes uncontrollable and burns many tress. The littlun with
the large birth mark vanishes that night. And no one knows what happened to
becomes very jealous, of Ralph having all the authority, so he tries to tell
the other boys that they should spend most of their energies in hunting rather
than maintaining the fire signal. One of the boys help Ralph to make huts, where
they could be safe during storms and rain. Jack takes all the older boys
(including those who should be maintaining the fire) with him for hunting.
While Jack and his hunters are in the jungle, hunting the pigs, a ship passes
by the island, but the fire is already out. And this make Ralph very angry.
When Jack returns with his hunters, Ralph starts shouting at them and so does
Piggy. Jack, who is already not liking Piggy and Ralph loses his temper and hits
Piggy in his stomach, and breaks one of the lenses from his glasses.
hatred towards Ralph is growing in Jacks mind like a wild flower. No one needs
to water it or take care of it, the wild, itself, is helping in its growth.
calls on a meeting trying to set everything right. But, the meeting becomes
chaotic when some of the boys start talking about some sort of beast. The
previous night when everyone was sleeping there was an air battle, far away and
one of the dead parachutists landed on the island, and the boys who were on
fire duty thought it was some kind of beast.
the littluns heared about the beast, they started having nightmares every other
night. Seeing this, Ralph decides that all the older boys (except for Piggy)
will go to the jungle to kill the beast. They searched everywhere but they did
not found anything. They came across a dark cave and because it was night time
and most of the boys did not wanted to go there and search. Ralph decides that
he will go alone, but soon after Jack accompanies him. When they go to the cave
which is located on a mountain, they see the shadow of the dead parachutist,
and fell into thinking that it is the beast.
They feel frightened and start to run away. Though Ralph explains to
Piggy the mysteries dark thing which he saw on the cave, but still Piggy
very next morning Jack opposes Ralph’s power, and he asks all those who are in
his favor to raise their hands, but no one does. Ralph remained their chief.
Jack got angry and he leaves the group. Saying “those who want to hunt and have
fun can follow me”.
enough, Ralph is left only with the twins and Piggy. All the older boys join
Jack. Jack leads his hunters to the “Castle Rock” (which is one the other side
of the island) and they all settle there. Jack paints them all in color,
“behind which they hid, liberated from shame and self-consciousness.” (4:34) they
became savages. Jack decides that he will throw in a feast with the meat which
they will hunt, and he will invite Ralph and the other boys to join his tribe.
of Jack’s hunters are very afraid of the beast, but Jack tells them to forget
about the beast (8:168). The savages go into the forest and kill a pig, and
Jack decides that he will leave the head of the pig on a stick as an offering
to the beast so that he don’t come out to feed on his hunters.
Simon finds out the head of the pig in the forest, and he gets into this
illumination and he starts seeing this head floating into the air and talking
to him. He calls it the “Lord of the flies” because of the ugliness of the head
which was caused by the worms and flies which were roaming around the pigs
face. The lord of the Flies tells Simon that he (lord of the flies) can’t be
killed, and that he is part of them, and he is in them. Simon faints away. When
Simon comes back to his consciousness, he finds the dead parachutist, and he
decides to go down to tell everyone the truth.
and his tribe go to Ralph’s side of the island. Jack take away their fire and
invites them all to his feast.
the twins, and the littluns go to feast with Jack, Ralph and Piggy decide that
they should go to and see what is happening.
food was finished and the feast was over, when Ralph tell all the boys that
they should all go to the huts because of the rain. It was this moment when
Jack orders a dance, and his tribe start rehearsing how they killed the pig.
Simon crawls out of the forest and he gets inside the circle of the dancing boys,
but he could hardly make himself heard because of the storm and the chant that
the boys were singing. The boys start hitting Simon as if he was the beast and
eventually they kill him. That night there was a heavy storm, and it brought
the dead body of the parachutist onto the beach, and it made the boys more
frightened and they all start screaming and running around.
morning Ralph and Piggy were feeling sad and guilty for what they had done to
Simon the other night. On the other side of the island the savages were not
feeling anything at all. Jack’s plan was, to first hunt, and then later in the
day they will go and steal fire from Ralph and Piggy. Ralph was feeling the
need for more people to keep the fire signal on. It was during sun set when
Ralph gave up on the fire signal and decided to go back to the huts and take
the midst of the night, the savages attacked the huts. They beat the four boys,
and they stole Piggy’s glasses. But the four boys gave tit for tat.
next morning, all the four boys groom themselves very nicely, so that they
could look like civilized people and not savages. They went to the castle rock
to meet the savages, and call on an assembly. When they reach there, Ralph
blows the conch— calling on an assembly, but jack tells him that this is his area
and the conch does not have any value here, on his side of the island. Ralph makes
Jack angry by calling them “painted fools”. Jack rages upon Ralph and he stabs
him with his spear in the chest. But Jack fights back, and in the midst of
exchange of fists between Ralph and Jack, Piggy holds on the conch high and
start shouting at everyone. Trying to bring them back to their senses.
Roger, who was very sadistic and cruel, and also was very loyal to Jack from
the beginning of the story, was standing on top of the hill. He pushed a huge
rock on Piggy from the mountain top. The rock hits Piggy and before anyone
could move, Piggy fells 40 feet down the castle rock and dies.
became very silent. There was no sound of the boys in the island for a moment.
The only thing you could hear was the sound of the waves crashing into each
other. After a moment of utter silence, Jack declared himself as the new chief
and he threw his spear towards Ralph. Seeing all this Ralph runs away.
savages take the twins as their prisoners and make them their gate guard. Jack
as their new chief, give order to the savages to kill Ralph. They were into thinking
that Ralph was hiding somewhere in the jungle.
was smart so he hid near the castle rock, because there, no one would ever find
him. When the night arrived and all the savages were gathered around the fire,
eating and having fun. Ralph crawled to the castle gate and draw the twin’s
attention towards him. The twins told him to go back and to never come back
here again. They gave him a piece of meat and sent him back, and told him to
stay near the castle, so that no one could suspect about him.
next morning Ralph finds out that Jack is trying to burn down the whole forest,
thinking that the fire would burn Ralph too, who according to him was hiding in
the forest. When Ralph sees this, he gets frightened and starts running.
Savages take a notice of him and they start running behind them.
soon as Ralph is exposed in open beach, he falls down and collapses. When he
looks back up, he sees a newly arrived British naval officer. Ralph starts
crying. He cries for losing his friends. Ralph wept for the end of innocence,
the darkness of man’s heart.
Text structures used throughout the book.
of these text structures have not been stated directly in any chapter. So, for
some of them I couldn’t find a clear chapter or a page where you could see a
clear usage of these text structures.
Sequence: The whole story is in
Cause and Effect: though the boys
make laws and orders which they have to follow but there aren’t any grownups on
the island with them, who could implement those orders and laws on them, so
they become order less and then changed into savages.
Compare and Contrast: Throughout the
story, there was always compare and contrast of good leadership skills between
Ralph and Jack.
Problem and solution:
Problem: In the first two meetings
all the boys start talking at once and make a huge chaos. (2:40)
Solution: So, Ralph tells them “we
can’t have everybody talking at once. We’ll have to have ‘Hands up’ like at
school” “then I’ll give him the conch.” “I’ll give the conch to the next person
to speak. He can hold it when he’s speaking. (2:41)