Exeter Introduction Exeter is situated 110 km southwest

Exeter

Introduction

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Exeter is situated 110 km southwest of Bristol and 60km
northeast of Plymouth, established on the River Exe. It is a cathedral city of
Devon and it also accommodates Devon County Council. This county town of Devon
was the most secured settlement in Britain despite the fact that before the
Roman invasion, a British tribe had lived in Exeter. During the Middle Ages,
the county town became a religious hub into the Tudor times that is in between
1485 and 1603. Cathedral Church of
Saint Peter at Exeter, also called Exeter Cathedral was found in the mid-11th
century. During the English Reformation, in the 16th century, Exeter
Cathedral became Anglican. After the First World War the city faced great
downfall, but even then Exeter managed to become an opulent hub for the trade
of wool in the 19th century. Presently, the city centre, which was renovated
after the Second World War, is deemed as a modern business and tourism centre
in Cornwal and Devon.

Geography

Exeter is situated 110 km southwest of Bristol and 60km
northeast of Plymouth. It was established on a ridge of land supported by steep hills on the River Exe. The River Exe is
joined by River Creedy, opens towards estuary and a vast flood plain. This was
the lowest bridging point of the River Exe historically which was navigable and
tidal up to Exeter until the weirs were built. This when united with the higher ground of the ridge, current location of
Exeter became the natural choice for the trade and settlement. In George Oliver’s
“The History of the City of Exeter”, ruling and beautiful elevation of the area,
tidal and navigable river and fertility of the surrounding countryside were the
causes which were noted for the settlement of what would become modern Exeter.
Although the structure of enclosing areas is assorted, the city lies mostly on the mixed geology and sandstone.

Transport

The M5 motorway starts from Birmingham and travels to Exeter
and Bristol. It connects at Bristol with South Wales and M4 to London. The A30
road gives the direct road to London via
M3 and A303. The recent lowest bridging point of the River Exe is M5.
Stagecoach South West is the foremost operator of local buses in the city whereas
Dartline is a minor operator. The country bus services run from the city to
most parts of North and East Devon.

Exeter is a rail hub within the
south-west and is connected to Exmouth, Okehampton, Paington, Barnstaple and
other lines in Devon. Exeter Central, Exeter St Davids and Exeter St Thomas are
three major railway stations of the Exeter. During
the summer, Exeter St. Davids makes it easy to reach most stations in Devon.

Exeter Airport is present in the
east of the city. Flybe, the local airline is an important local employer. The
airport provides charter flights and range of schedules flights to Irish and
British regional aiports.

Exeter Ship Canal, There Exeter
Canal was initially completed in 1566. It is one of the ancient artificial
waterways of Britain and allows to bypass weirs, built across the River Exe.
This influences boats to unlade at Topsham and restricts trade in Exeter.

Education

There are two campuses of the University
of Exeter, both marked for their alluring parkland. The University is among the
large employers of Exeter. The Exeter College formerly ran as the sole sixth
form for the complete maintained school sector in Exeter. Exeter Mathematics
School, established in 2014, is a free school sixth form with specialization in
mathematics. The city accommodates three special schools, 25 primary schools, five
secondary schools and four referral schools. The Atkinson Unit is a protected specialized
residential and educational complex for or children in care or who have been arrested in custody by the courts.

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