Franz Marcs expressive style was
profound in his interest in spirituality and the symbolic use of colors while
reflecting his love for animals and theology. Marcs legacy as a leading artist
in the German Expressionist movement had a great impact on the worlds view of
expressionism and inspired many generation of artists well after his death.
At the later period of his life, Marc
got greatly influenced by the prominent war propaganda right before the start
of the Great War. Such as many other artists and writers, he glorified the
upcoming war as a ” Purification” and a “blood sacrifice”. He believed the war
could save and relieve Europe from its modernity that had led to an increase of
materialism and a lack of spirituality. It was in this period of time when he
produced his very final painting fighting
forms (1914), which expresses the great conflict between good and evil.
During the same year he then voluntarily enlisted for the military service of
Germany. However, in 1906 Germany acknowledged him as one of the country`s most
important artists and hence had to be released from the military service. Never
the less, on his last day of duty on March the forth 1916 Marc got fatally
injured during the battle of Verdun and hence died soon after.
Franz Marc was born and raised in Munich
and under the influence of his father, who happened to be an amateur landscape
painter, his artistic talent was encouraged already on a young age. His early
paintings contained a rather academic realistic style, that was him told at the
Munich Academy of art. Not being
fully satisfied with the style that was him told, Marc got familiar with the Jugendstil art movement, which was
famous for embracing the idea of expressive lines being used to describe
structures and forms being found in nature. Fascinated by this rather
decorative style Marc followed a more modern approach using simplified lines
and lucid colors. While studying modern and impressionist art in Paris (1903)
he got familiar with the French artist Jean Niestle, who`s art was popular for
portraying animals with an expressive style. Arguably, due to Niestle`s
influence and his own passion for animals Marc started illustrating them in his
own work with a similar but yet a unique style of his own. When traveling to
Paris in 1907 another time he encountered the artwork of Vincent van Gough, whose emotional and dynamic brushstrokes impressed
him. Van Goughs influence on Franz Marc is particularly noticeably in Cats on a red Cloth (1909-10).
Franz Marc, born in 1880, was one of the
most prominent artist of the German Expressionist movement. He was a
well-recognized member of der blaue
Reiter (the blue rider), a union fundamental to Expressionism.