Horizontal inequalities

Lastly, the concept of horizontal inequalities is deeply
interconnected with previously discussed concepts of relative deprivation and
polarisation. Stewart (2010) discovers
power imbalances between groups and therefore, a presence of horizontal
inequalities amongst the culturally and ethnically different groups. Stewart and Brown (2007) defines
horizontal inequality as an asymmetrical access of different societal groups to
social, political and economic resources. As a consequence, the grievance can
be predicted when significant differences in access to resources between heterogeneous
groups prevail in the society. Steward and Brown (2007:222) note that “the horizontal
inequality explanation of conflict is based on the view that when cultural
differences coincide with economic and political differences between groups,
this can cause deep-rooted resentment that may lead to violent struggles.” In other
words, an absence of framework which can accommodate the societal diversity in
social, political and economic aspects might be a cause of violence between the
dominant and dominated groups of individuals. Continuously, it is rational to
assume that when horizontal inequalities prevail between the diverse groups
then the society experiences polarisation which creates a great motive for mobilisation
between superior and inferior population (Stewart, 2010). As a result,
mobilisation has a power to fuel antagonism between the social groups that may
lead into a number of destructive confrontations. The existence of significant
inequalities in society most of the time relates to poverty which contradicts
with the concept of the human security and

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!

order now

I'm Johnny!

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out