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In 1532, the Spanish conquistadors led by Francisco Pizarro came to the Inca Empire in Peru with fear, not realizing they had the most advanced weapons of that time period. However, the Incas did not know that either. When the battle is 80,000 Incas to 168 Spaniards, one would think the Incas would slaughter the Spaniards. But when the Spaniards won with nobody dead, there must have been something up with the Spaniards. They did not know that they would be taken down in the blink of an eye. This all would not have happened if it weren’t for guns, germs, and steel.The Incas had quite a few weapons like slingshots, spears, arrows, etc. What they did not have, was guns. In the 1500’s, guns had a huge impact on conquering Empires because anybody could die in the blink of an eye. The gun the the Spaniards used was called the harquebus. This gun easily penetrated the Native Americans as they would drop like flies, but there were still lots of flaws about the gun. For instance, the harquebus was very heavy, slow when reloading, and there is a complicated process when firing the gun about keeping the wick lit. Otherwise, the harquebus obliterated the Incas and they could not do anything about it.When the Spaniards came to America, the Spaniards knew that they were coming with guns and steel. However, they did not realize that they had also brought the most lethal weapon of them all: Germs. These germs contained Smallpox, which was one of the deadliest diseases of all time. The reason why this was so deadly to the Native Americans and not the Spaniards was because the Spaniards were immune to the disease. Almost two centuries before the conquering of the Inca Empire, there was a disease called the Black Death. This disease wiped out 60% of Europe’s population. However, the people who survived developed a genetic mutation in their cells called CCR5-delta 32, which made the Europeans, and their ancestors immune to many diseases. The Incas were never exposed to Smallpox, Flu, or Measles which was why Smallpox had killed about 90% of them during the conquering of the Inca Empire. As a result, the Spaniards had no idea that they had the deadliest weapon, which was disease.    As the spaniards were walking through the Inca Empire, the Incas laughed at the ridiculous pots on their heads and did not care about the swords hanging from their waists. The Incas were oblivious to the fact that the Spaniards could cut through them like a knife through butter. In the 1500’s, steel was not even a thing according to the Native Americans. In Europe, steel was their prime resource to create weapons for battle. When the swords were being made, they would not pass inspection until they were flexible enough to bend in a half-circle. It also had to come in full-impact with a metal helmet and survive the hit. Moving on to armor, the Spaniards had the finest armor in the world at the time. It was the finest at the time because of the steel. In fact, the steel was so durable, it was completely invulnerable against the Incas. All in all, the Incas never had a chance against the Spaniards.    In conclusion, without guns, germ, or steel, the spaniards would have trouble conquering the Inca Empire, if not, fail to conquer the Inca Empire. The Incas thought that they were an amazing army, until the Spaniards came. The Spaniards killed most of the army and enslaved some Incas including the Emperor. There was a huge difference in lethality between the Incas and the Spaniards. After the conquering of the Inca Empire, it was clear that the three weapons that helped the Spaniards were guns, germs, and steel.


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