Introduction Corruption in India is perhaps the greatest enemy India is facing. According to a research India has been drained of nearly $462 billion between 1948 and 2008, which is nearly 40% of India’s gross domestic production. The Commonwealth Games and the Adarsh society scam are all various examples of the widespread corruption in India at all levels of government: from the Panchayati Raj to the Central Government, although preventive measures have been taken against corruption. One of the major problems is the criminalization of politics.
Nearly one fourth of the Indian parliament members have previous criminal charges, some even as serious as murder. In the lower levels of the Government it is even worse. As most of the members of the Parliament have shoddy pasts, bribery has become another major problem. Acceptance of bribes started in the departments of Transport, Medicine, Income tax and other minor fields. The outcome of corruption is a vast topic. In government hospitals, the majorities of medicines is fake or sometimes are not even available! Insubstantial material is used for the construction of roads and buildings.
The roads are not able to withstand the monsoons while the buildings threaten to collapse. Death Certificates are not granted to the family of the deceased unless they pay generous bribes to the officials. Officials are often associated with the theft of private property and land. These are barely a few outcomes of corruption. Today, India is up in arms against corruption. It has taken preventive measures against corruption and slowly it is improving. India has introduced the Right to Information Act (2005) which requires the government officials to dispense the information requested by the citizens or face dire consequences.
Now, not only the government is fighting against corruption but private corporations have also joined the fight. Peer reviewed refrences Several articles have been written about the corruption and its effects on nation and its people. Tummala, Krishna K 2002 Corruption in India: Control Measures and Consequences. Asian journal of political science, 02185377 Analyzes the state of corruption in India within its social, cultural and political contexts. Concept of regime corruption; Control measures and onsequences of corruption; Incidence and magnitude of corruption in the country. Quah, Jon S. T 2008 Curbing Corruption in India: An Impossible Dream? Asian journal of political Science, 02185377 This article analyses the serious problem of corruption in India by examining its causes and the various anti-corruption measures employed by the government from the formation in 1941 of the first anti-corruption agency, the Delhi Special Police Establishment, which was expanded to form the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) in April 1963.
India’s ineffective anti-corruption strategy can be attributed to the lack of political will of its leaders and its unfavourable policy context, which has hindered the enforcement of the anti-corruption laws. The lack of political will in fightingcorruption is manifested in the lowest per capita expenditure and least favourable staff-population ratio of the CBI when compared to those of its counterparts in Singapore, Hong Kong, South Korea and Thailand. To enhance the CBI’s effectiveness, it should be removed from the jurisdiction of the police and be established as an independent agency dedicated solely to curbing corruption.
The Constitution of India should also be amended to empower the CBI to investigate corruption cases at the state level without obtaining the consent of the chief minister of the state. In view of the lack of political will, this article concludes that curbing corruption in India remains an impossible dream in the foreseeable future. Dilip K. Bhattacharyya, Susmita Ghose 1988 Corruption in India and the Hidden Economy. Economic and political weekly, JSTOR This paper argues that corruption, in terms of bribes and kickbacks, is primarily generated by firms due to regulatory conditions.
To recover the cost of bribery, firms hide their production output which then remains unrecorded in the official statistics. Hence, by estimating the unrecorded income of the industrial sector, it is possible to examine the growth of corruption. A method for estimating sectoral unrecorded income is suggested in this paper, and from the estimated unrecorded income of the industrial sector we demonstrate that the large increases in corruption signaled by recent reported cases are justifiable.
Our empirical results also suggest that the disaggregated ‘hidden economy’ estimates are more informative than aggregated estimates. Combating corruption The crucial question is why corruption abounds in India despite several preventive measures like Right to information act, Central vigilance commission any many other institutional arrangements. It is explained by several that corruption is endemic in less developed countries for various reasons: unequal distribution of wealth and resources, large gap between rich and poor people, illiteracy, poor or absent mechanisms to enforce anti-corruption laws.
But now Already 30 cities of India and 3 outside the country are preparing for independent India’s largest civil uprising against corruption. In Mumbai, thousands will assemble at Azad Maidan on 30th January, the day Mahatma Gandhi was assassinated, at 4. 30 pm to demand enactment of a law to set up an effective anti? corruption body called Lokpal at the Centre and Lokayukta in each state (the existing Lokayukta Acts are weak and ineffective). Kiran Bedi, Justice Santosh Hegde, Prashant Bhushan, J M Lyngdoh, Arvind Kejriwal and others have drafted this Bill.
A international movement called “India Against Corruption” has been started by Sri Sri Ravi Shankar, Swami Ramdev, Swami Agnivesh, Most Reverend Vincent M Concessao Archbishop of Delhi, Kiran Bedi, Arvind Kejriwal, Anna Hazare, Devinder Sharma, Sunita Godara, Mallika Sarabhai and many others to persuade government to enact this Bill. Mrs Sonia Gandhi recently announced that Lokpal would be set up. However, the Lokpal suggested by the government is only a showpiece. It will have jurisdiction over politicians but not bureaucrats, as if politicians and bureaucrats indulge in corruption separately.
And the most interesting part is that like other anti? corruption bodies in our country, the government is making Lokpal also an advisory body. So, Lokpal will recommend to the government to prosecute its ministers. But making a bill against corruption alone not only going to solve the problem as we all know that youth of any country is the main reason for the development and degradation of any nation that’s why the awakening of youth against corruption is the most important step in the removal of corruption from the nation.
Various meetings are organized by me and my friends in Halifax nova scotia to educate the youth living outside the country and show the government that not only the people living in India but also the people who are living outside india wants India as a corruption free country. A peaceful rally organized by the students from Dalhousie University and Saint Mary’s university on 26 august 2011 in public gardens (http://youtu. be/eWbA_hNAYxE) to support the people who are fighting against corruption and to support the Anna hazare bill.
Large number of students showed their support. Meetings are held in both university to educate students about the effects of corruption on nation and its economy through presentations (http://www. truthaboutindiacorruption. org). People are encouraged to join the online movements through different social media and websites like http://www. facebook. com/groups/anna. janlokpal/, http://avaaz. org/en/ and http://www. indiaagainstcorruption. org/index1. html. Corruption is a cancer, which every Indian must strive to cure.
Many new leaders when come into power declare their determination to eradicate corruption but soon they themselves become corrupt and start amassing huge wealth. There are many myths about corruption, which have to be exploded if we really want to combat it. Some of these myths are: Corruption is a way of life and nothing can be done about it. Only people from underdeveloped or developing countries are prone to corruption. We will have to guard against all these crude fallacies while planning measures to fight corruption. CORRUPTION IN INDIA By Durgesh kumar singh A00332358 Saint Mary’s university