into the curriculum is rising significantly in the majority of the schools
today. Most educational technology experts agree that technology should be
integrated in the curriculum, not to be treated separately. In other words, it
should be a tool to promote and extend student learning on a daily basis. However,
there is a big challenge. It is designing ways to use technology and to help
students use it in a very useful way rather than just playing games and wasting
their time. Additionally, the technology can be technology can be very powerful
tool not only for teachers but for students as well. Also, the students should
be accessible to the technology especially the higher grades not only for the
Defining Technology Integration:
Technology integration means the daily
use of technology in the classroom. In order to achieve successful technology
integration, it should support the curricular goals, consequently, it will help
the students strongly meets the required goals and objectives. Additionally,
the target of the technology integration is that the students will have access
to a variety of tools which provide them with the opportunity to show a deeper
comprehension and perception of content. Furthermore, technology integration
can also depend on number of elements. For example, the kinds of technology available
used, how much the person has an access to technology and who is using the
technology. For instance, in a classroom with only an interactive whiteboard
and one computer, so, the teacher will have the upper hand in such a matter according
to the required goals. However, there are ways to make the interactive whiteboard
an accessible tool for the students.
On the other side, the
technology integration can be very useful tools for both teachers and students
for the following reasons:
Using aide to help in building more perception to new
Training the students to represent new information.
integration of technology is achieved when students are able to select
technology tools to help them obtain information in a timely manner, analyze
and synthesize the information, and present it professionally. The technology
should become an integral part of how the classroom functions — as accessible
as all other classroom tools.” According to NATIONAL EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY STANDARDS FOR
STUDENTS, INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY FOR TECHNOLOGY IN EDUCATION.
Types of Technology
Learning and Assessment
There has been lots of about
the benefits of incorporating the game which are serving the agreed upon
objectives and goals.
Learning with Mobile and Handheld Devices
Tablet computers are widely
used as learning tools in enhancing critical thinking schools.
· Connecting with others online can
be a powerful experience for both for teachers and for students.
The importance of integrating the technology:
Integrating technology into
classroom instruction means more than teaching computer skills and in a
separate computer class. Effective integration must happen across the
curriculum in ways show deepen and enhance the learning process. Moreover, it
must support four factors of learning: active engagement, participation in
groups, frequent interaction and feedback, and connection to real-world
experts. Effective technology integration is achieved when it supports
In addition to that, learning
through projects being equipped with technology tools allows students to be
intellectually challenged while providing them with a situation similar like
the real life. Through projects, students will be able to analyze the skills of
solving problem either they work
individually or in groups to work upon
and summarize information they
have found online.
Levels of Technology Integration:
In her blog, “What Does
‘Technology Integration’ Mean?” Mary Beth Hertz, 2007, shares four levels of classroom technology
integration she has observed in schools:
1. “Sparse: Technology is rarely used or available.
Students rarely use technology to finish assignments or projects.
2. Basic: Technology is used or available
occasionally/often in a lab rather than the classroom. Students sometimes use
these tools to create projects that show understanding of content.
3. Comfortable: Technology is used in the classroom on
a fairly regular basis. Students often use these tools to create projects that
show understanding of content.
4. Seamless: Students employ technology daily in the
classroom using a variety of tools to complete assignments and create projects
that show a deep understanding of content”.
Tools used for integration:
There are many kinds of the tools
used for the technology integration:
1. The interactive whiteboard are
used in many schools which sometimes it is replaced for the whiteboards and
provide a way to allow students to interact on the computer.
2. Student response system consists
of response pads which are operated by the students.
3. Mobile Learning is defined as
learning through social and content interactions using personal electronic
devices. It is portable and has internet access .e.g. tablets. Some educators
seek to incorporate the interactive games to help facilitate the students’
The use of technology effectively in the
There are three ways to apply the technology
integration effectively in the classrooms according to Hailey Ressiman, Sep 13,
The first one is that Let students sometimes be the teachers.
Delzer suggests not to introduce many
application to the students at a time. In stead, just represent one tool and
let the students aware of how to use. After that, they will be able to reach
everyone and anything including the teacher.
technology that lets kids learn from themselves and each
It is mentioned in the article the reader is
using an application AudioBoom. It is very helpful especially when they doing
reading. Her kids have used to record their reading. Accordingly, it will
assist them to find our their mistakes, intonation, speed and accuracy. “This
helped instill a sense of pride among my students,” says Delzer.
Give kids some space
to cultivate their own interests.
Delzer has explained that let the students
find her own interests for certain numbers of hours oer week. Consequently,
they will make something out of the box. Also, they will have their leadership
in learning. “One student built a tin-can robot after learning how to do it by
watching YouTube tutorials, and another filmed and edited her own movie”.
Good side and bad side of technology
integration in the curriculum, OCCUPYTHEORY on
26 May, 2014:
Tools, such as computers, mobile
devices and the internet, are now integrated into the educational system. They
are double edged weapon. They are beneficial
in the learning journey, however, they also have negative implications.
Here is the list of advantages of
independent learning in students:
It is very
assistive learning tool. Even without assistance from parents and teachers,
students can just look up their lessons online.
Prepares students for the
The students are
well known on how to incorporate the technology and computing skills in the
learning process, consequently, they will not have any trouble finding jobs in
Allows teachers to create an exciting way to
now incorporate images, videos and other graphics when delivering lessons.
There are specific websites, applications and programs which will enable
teachers to use numerous ways while giving instructions. Accordingly, this will
help the students be more enthusiastic in learning
List of Disadvantages of Technology integration in
Results in a lack of
interest in studying:
The students have
a lazy attitude towards education. They believe they can find the answers
easily on the internet.
Makes students vulnerable to
have proven recently and it can be a source of problems. Technical problems can
cause loss of assignments which are resulting in high levels of. Additionally,
difference in internet speeds can lead to certain difficulties that end up
de-motivating the students.
Can diminish overall value
of in-person education
· The technology
shrinks the face-to-face interaction between teacher and student that provides
a more personal experience.
7-Gap in the literature:
The actual studies of integration of the
Teachers’ beliefs about
curriculum and instruction may play an important role in the implementation of
improvement. In a 1999 study, Czerniak, Lumpe, Haney, and Beck sought to
examine the influence of K-12 teachers’ beliefs to use educational technology
in their classrooms. They examined the influences of K-12 teachers’ attitudes,
subjective norm (social support), and perceived behavioral control (external
influences). Teachers in this study share the belief that educational
technology enhances student learning and that the integration of technology
helps in achieving desirable results. However, they do not receive that
sufficient support structures that enable them to achieve the required
technology education integration.
Additionally on the other hand, the
technology integration is defined as how to assess the student curricular
targets, Hamilton (2007). The National Educational Technology Standards for
Students (NETS-S) and ISTE (2002 in Harris, 2005) declared that, “effective
integration of technology is achieve when students are capable of selecting technology tools to help them gain
information in a timely manner, analyzed and synthesized the information, and
present it professionally.” Sun (2000 in Wetzel, Zambo and Ryan, 2007) posit
that…..”Integration is the use of technology by students and teachers to
enhance teaching and learning and to support existing curricular.”
researchers have stressed on the technology can help to increase student
motivation and engaged students in the learning environment (Dunken, 1990; Lee,
2000 in Riasati, Allahyar and Tan, 2012). This perspective is supported by the
Department of Education and Early Childhood Development (DEECD, 2010). The
department found that learner’s experience of technologies in the classroom can
enhance learners’ engagement and motivation in fulfilling task (Riasati,
Allahyar and Tan, 2012).
Summary of the research:
In summary, this research has sought to investigate the use of
technology enhanced learning into curriculum delivery within the educational
process. It also reveals how the technology is beneficial to both teachers and
students. However, it represents how the technology could be double edged
weapon. In other word, it exhibits the disadvantages of such integration. It
also reveals the technology should be accessible to the students. In other
words, the teachers are not only the dominant person of using computers in the
Educational technology is
used by teachers to create rich learning environments and experiences with
project-based learning activities that shift away from the classroom practice
of teacher-centered lessons. Teachers can use technology to improve their
teaching with new ideas, new lessons, visuals, hands-on activities, and new
levels of teaching. The extent and time to which the computer is used depends
on flexibility in planning, creating multiple activities, and always having
backup plans for technical difficulty. Integrating technology in education has
its advantages and disadvantages, but proper implementation might help keep the
drawbacks to a minimum.