INTRODUCTIONIn constitution; While, the delegated powers are the
INTRODUCTIONIn the American political system, the president reigns the highest ranking position as per the American constitution. Upon being sworn into office, the president checks that all three branches of the government that make up the federal government of America are functioning and operative. Those three branches being Executive where the President resides, Legislative made up of the Senate and House of Representatives, and Judicial which holds the Supreme and lower Courts. To make aware, the President is not the US government and he cannot practice his constitutional powers alone. This means that the US government is a combination of the judiciary, the legislature and executive bodies that all work together in a harmonious way. As the appointed presidential counselor to the new president, I would advise the president to amicably integrate all the three powers—constitutional, inherent, and the Congress statutory powers bestowed upon him. This will put the president in a position to address each and every, small or big concern that faces the nation. Thus this essay aims at advising the newly elected president on the advantages and possible positive impact to the American nation as a result of the organized blending of the three types of Presidential powers and authority.NATURE OF PRESIDENTIAL POWER AND AUTHORITY Before the president starts his term, the president must be aware of the boundaries of his powers. My message to the new president towards becoming an effective president is making sure he exercises control of power. The Constitution gives the President a set of formal powers also known as constitutional powers, but along with those the President has a set of informal powers also known as delegated powers. The constitutional powers are those that are clearly laid out in the constitution; While, the delegated powers are the powers not mentioned in the constitution. These delegated powers are the powers allocated by Congress to the president to aid the him/her in fulfilling as well as accomplishing obligations. Delegated powers also include informalities not assigned by congress (unilateral action). Both the delegated powers and the constitutional powers form the expressed powers of the president. This is because both of them are specified in the constitution, the difference being that the interpretation of inherent powers may differ in such a way that the president may end up possessing great power. Formal powers include being the commander in chief of armed forces, selecting ambassadors, negotiating treaties and foreign policies, vetoing power, appointing Supreme Court justice, cabinet members—in addition to granting pardons and reprieves. Therefore, past presidents in one way or the other may have interpreted the inherent powers differently. This brings us to informal powers such as going public, or taking unilateral action. President’s going public is an important mention of informal power. Because of how much media coverage the President has, it is easier for the President to persuade citizens to stand for what he’s expressing. The consequence of the president persuading citizens coerces congress to pass what it is the President wants. Unilateral is an adjective that describes a decision made by one person, or a decision that affects one person. Unilateral action in terms of presidency is the action of deciding or acting on policies that were not approved by Congress. This empowers presidents to control how the constitution is interpreted. An example of unilateral action mentioned in chapter 12 is, “… during his second term in office President Obama ordered federal contractors to increase the minimum wage they paid their employees” (429). This is a good example because Obama does not possess the power to increase the wage for everyone, but he altered the federal contracting procedures to benefit contractors that paid their employees a higher wage. You might think this gives the President an unusual high amount of power; But, Members of Congress counteract this action by setting forth laws to restrict the president’s capability of enforcing their interpretation. The president’s power is limited in other ways such as not being able to declare war, and in addition to having Congress implement laws to restrict President power, legislative branch can disapprove treaties, and impeach the president. This falls into the dynamic relationship between the President and Congress. They support each other and understand the limitations that have been set forth by the Constitution, but this does not mean that they don’t disagree on certain issues. A strategic way would be for the President to meet Congress in the middle instead of acting unilaterally because that jeopardizes how Congress feels about the President. This falls back into exercising control of power. The question at hand is which the best interpretation is in order to be an effective president. Based on this, a clear understanding of the presidential scope is the first step towards becoming an effective president. ADVICE TO THE PRESIDENT My first advice to the president is that he must at all times throughout his term seek cooperation despite being the head of the nation. This aspect is referred to as one of the greatest ironies, a president is the most powerful man in the world yet they’re seen actively taking part in negotiations. In doing so, the president must watch to what extent, situations, and reasons that may provoke the use of inherent powers. Meaning the president’s main obligation regardless of the type of power be it inherent, constitutional or delegated is to do only what is considered proper. A good example of inherent presidential power is emergency power; Power bestowed on the president especially in situations of great need. Such powers may vary in terms of the extent of power but they must abide by the solemn role of doing what is proper for the nation and the best choice for the nation even in the future. For example, a president may declare a given area or place stricken by a disaster as a federal disaster area thus inviting for aids and special consideration. In such situations, the president despite exercising his power in providing directives that are suitable as per the emergency circumstance, if by any chance the directives ignore the constitutional text, values and structure, such exercise of power is incomplete and inappropriate. In doing so, the president will not prioritize more on the written obligations overlooking the exceptional situations meaning he should look for means and mechanisms where he will faithfully take care of his obligations in doing what is proper and necessary without neglecting or going contrary to any of the laid presidential powers. My other advice to the president would be that he must make sure that he embraces the virtue of Presidential Leadership. To be effective as well as a successful president, one has to be a strong leader with the ability to magnificently engage in state craftsmanship, employ the use of wisdom and combination of power for the good of the general public. For a President to be effective and successful, he must put into place three aspects which all revolve around the art of craftsmanship. One of them is the political skill mentioned in Chapter 12, “The media attention that comes with the presidency provides the president with a unique strategy for shaping government policy: going public…” (434). Going public is a skill which entails the ability to coerce, persuade and cajole people. This aids in understanding the people’s’ needs, the states needs and what is necessary for the federal government in general. In addition to political skill, an effective president should combine his powers with the virtue of prudence. Meaning the president is able to successfully employ certain principles which are considered general and meet some specific goals. And the final aspect is opportunity, which refers to the ability to maintain the virtues and values of the U.S. by conducting or implementing policies which are a symbol of a president who behaves in meaningful and decisive ways. Another advice I’d give the president is to be cautious of “their effect on their political support, re-election prospects, and their party”. These consequences can affect the president’s approval rating which determines whether a president wants to get re-elected for a second term. To keep their popularity high, presidents should be wary in hastily making decisions, and need to keep in mind of the consequences.Conclusion Generally, a successful president needs to ensure a power balance between all the powers bestowed on him such that at no instance a constitutional need is neglected or a delegated rule is omitted that may result in negative impact to the general public. A good blending of power should see to it that there aren’t instances of abuse of power and all the aspects considered proper and necessary for the nation are put under consideration. Additional interpersonal skills are also necessary for the presidential role and ability to manage all the forces coming from various sources. In doing so, there is increased probability of the president being effective in his office.