It must be naturally occurring in nature meaning that they should not be artificially madeThey must be inorganic meaning that they should not decayMinerals must be solid. This means that all substances which are liquid cannot be considered mineralsA mineral must have definitive chemical composition. Most are usually a combination of atoms which combine to form a compound and most are notable due to a notable series and patterns of crystals (Dinh, 2017).They must also be made of crystals. Minerals made of crystals are easily identifiable due to notable partnersAdditionally it must have an ordered structure of its internal parts. Relative age is the scientific process of determining the activities of the past or occurrences without establishing the absolute age.Dating age is the procedure of deciding an age on a given set up of events in geology and archaeology.In absolute dating there is the statement of an absolute date whereas for the relative age no absolute age is given. Dating age is used in Archeology and geology whereas relative age is used in used in geology and geography. The earth has the following: liquid water, an atmosphere that shields the earth from dangerous rays of the sun and plate tectonics. Other planets are unable to have this e.g. some planets are freezing and have not liquid water such as Pluto (Moskowitz, 2008).Stress is the force that is applied on a surface. This may occur in the circumstance where there is tensional stress which tends to extend the rock to the side. This occurs where there is differential stress. Compression forces on a rock’s weak line lead the rock to crumble or to bend to the direction of the pressure. Shear forces cause the rock to cut into the directions of the force and to translate.Brittle fracture is the quick, really rapid cracking of rock under stress where the substance exhibited little if any evidence of ductility or plastic degradation prior to the fracture occurs. On the other hand ductile flow involves the process in which the rocks changes or is deformed or changes shape without being breaking (Paoli & Bennet, n.d.). Oceanic-Continental Convergence- eruption occurs to the continental plate due to the part of the oceanic plate now converted into magma due to subduction.Oceanic -oceanic convergence- the thicker one is subdued to the magma which leads it to sink into the mantle hence becoming magma which erupts to the ocean forming a novel crust.Continental and Continental convergence when they collide they form ranges of mountains. The continental shield has the thickest and the oldest rocks leading to the asthenosphere. These also have no reaction to shear or strain movements which are usually absorbed. A stable platform is found on top of the craton and the rocks here are not as thick. It is culpable to tectonic reactions such as earthquakes.Crust is the outermost part or shell of the planetCore is the central region of the earthMantle is the layer between the crust and the outer coreLithosphere is the outermost part of the planet which includes the crust and the upper mantleAsthenosphere is the highly viscous, mechanically fragile and ductilely deforming location of the upper mantle of the Earth.