Man’s strive for increased comfort and financial independence, the
densification of congested urban areas, a strong increase in traffic levels and
the growing electric smog problem due to new communication technologies all
cause ever rising stress levels in the immediate vicinity of the individual.
Quality of life is being hampered and there are negative health effects. All
this, coupled with frequent news about the global climate change, gradually
leads to a change of thought throughout society.
In the end, it is society that must bear the
effects of economic damage caused by climatic change. Industrialization has
been coupled with increasing harmful effects to the environment in the past.
Call for changes were extended, beginning from set-up protests up to
constitutional enactments. Several bodies agree to it, and one of them was the
construction industry where practices have shifted to come up with green buildings.
Green Buildings which meet all the three basic requirements or has the basic
benefits like efficiency, health and durability. This innovation is defined
as the adaptation of a certain building or structure to a resource-efficient
and responsible environment scheme. To further comprehend what does green
building mean, the understanding of what materials generate higher energy
loss are considered in this study. This is also the same reason why it is
alternatively called sustainable buildings.
Green buildings follow the principle of optimum usage of water, energy
and non-renewable natural resources; generate less waste and provide healthier
spaces for residents. The fundamental point of this study is green design as a
fundamental revolution of contemporary architecture. It aims to look at some
environmental and physical design approaches for green buildings. Thereby, the
paper presents an analysis of ideology of green architecture, theories and
viewpoints outlined in the field and also the analysis of successful cases of
environment friendly buildings throughout the world.