My and ummm… a pack of shark gummies.

My name is Sadie Hernandez it is day one from a Science experiment gone wrong. Wonder how I got here? I do to, the last thing I remember is me and other scientist were doing an experiment. The experiment we were trying to do was to make was shrinking a camera so it can go and explore an animal cell. But, something pushed me to the shrinker  and…and it’s all a blur. Now i’m in something, something strange. Day two- I finally know where I am. But it’s horrifying. I’m in a animal cell!I know it sounds crazy but I really am. I remembered these picture. The pictures of the parts of a cell. The first thing I saw was the Cell Membrane .  The Cell Membrane surrounds the cytoplasm. Let me tell you a little something about the Cell Membrane Phospholipids form the basic structure of a cell membrane, called the lipid bilayer. Scattered in the lipid bilayer are cholesterol molecules, which help to keep the membrane fluid consistent. Membrane proteins are important for transporting substances across the cell membrane. When I went through I remembered that they say it said to be a liquidbecause-whoa!* with a sigh of relief*  …they can move freely around if they are not connected to a cell.Day 3- Today I went exploring and I witness something. First I didn’t know what it was so I went back to see what it was, and I noticed it was a Mitochondria. Mitochondria are organelles found in the cytoplasm of all eukaryotic cells. They vary considerably in shape and size, but are all composed of four compartments: a smooth outer membrane, a convoluted inner membrane that forms recognizable structures called cristae, the intermembrane space, and the matrix. Today I was really hungry and thirsty, then I realized that I had  a spray bottle with water and ummm… a pack of shark gummies. Well the experiment is only supposed to last fourteen days  and the human body can go without food for 21 days. But, the water part is going to be hard. The human body is made of 60% of water and you can only live a week without it so I have to drink as little as possible.Day 4-I’ve reached the Nucleus. The nucleus was the first of the cell organelles to be discovered by scientists. The Nucleus  usually takes up about 10 percent of the cell’s volume. The nuclear envelope breaks down during cell division, but reforms after the two cells separate. Some scientists think that the nucleolus plays an important role in cell aging. The cell nucleus was given its name by Scottish Botanist Robert Brown. I am so tired of sleeping in here it’s weird. what if something hits me, what if something weird happens to me and I don’t know what to do. I just want to go home. Day 5- The fact that I’m in an animal cell is crazy enough but what’s crazier is that I found the Ribosomes today and it was magnificent. The “rib” in ribosome comes from ribonucleic acid (RNA) which provides the instructions on making proteins. They are made inside the nucleolus of the nucleus. Once they are ready they are sent outside the nucleus through pores in the nucleus’ membrane. Ribosomes are different from most organelles in that they are not surrounded by a protective membrane.The ribosome was discovered in 1974 by Albert Claude, Christian de Duve, and George Emil Palade. Day 6-Previously I met the Cytoplasm. The cytoplasm (also known as cytosol) is the protoplasm of a cell outside the cell nucleus. It is the gel-like material plus the organelles outside the nucleus. Cell membrane is the thin outer covering of cell Many important functions of a cell take place in organelles, which are like bits of machinery for doing jobs.Day 7- I just met the Lysosome. Lysosomes are membrane-bound organelles that function as the “stomachs” of eukaryotic cells . They contain about fifty different enzymes that break down all types of biological molecules including proteins , nucleic acids, lipids , and carbohydrates . Cells transport material into lysosomes, the material is digested by the enzymes, and the digested molecules are moved back into the cytosol for use by the cell. Both extracellular materials brought into the cell by endocytosis and obsolete intracellular materials are degraded in the lysosome. Day 8- Regardless of where I’m at I have to get some sleep but it’s to hard. I saw the Vacuole. A Vacuole is a characteristic type of organelle found in plant and fungi cells and many single-cell organisms. The single large vacuole of the cell is surrounded by a membrane, called the tonoplast, and filled with a solution of water, dissolved ions , sugars, amino acids , and other materials.The vacuole also serves as waste disposal and recycling center for worn-out organelles, such as mitochondria and chloroplasts, and in this function they are similar to lysosomes in animal cells. Day 9- I found the Golgi Body. The Golgi body Collection of microscopic vesicles or packets observed near the nucleus of many living cells. It is a part of a cell’s endoplasmic reticulum, specialized for the purpose of packaging and dispatching proteins made by the cell. This important cellular organelle was named in honor of Camillo Golgi , the Italian neuroanatomist who first described it in brain cells late in the nineteenth century. An individual Golgi apparatus is usually composed of four to eight cisternae, each a micron or less in diameter stacked on top of each other like pancakes. Many cisternal stacks interconnected by tubules and mobile transport vesicles make up a Golgi complex, which often is located near the nucleus in the center of the cell. In some animal cells, this complex can be huge, filling much of the cytoplasmic space. In some plant cells, on the other hand, many small, apparently independent Golgi apparatuses are distributed throughout the cell interior. Day 10-The Endoplasmic Reticulum!The Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) is a series of interconnected membranes or flattened sacs adjacent and connected to the nuclear membrane. The ER comes in two different morphological forms: smooth endoplasmic reticulum (sER) and rough endoplasmic reticulum (rER). The primary function of the sER is to serve as a platform for the synthesis of lipids (fats), carbohydrate (sugars) metabolism , and the detoxification of drugs and other toxins. Day 11- The Nucleolus. The Nucleolus is the part of a cell where ribosomes are made. Ribosomes are molecular machines that synthesize proteins. Viewed through a microscope, the nucleolus appears as a dark spot inside of the cell’s nucleus. It is made up of dense DNA, RNA and proteins.The Nucleolus is a small organelle found in the nucleus.  It is pictured at left as the black structure within the larger circular nucleus.  Its purpose is producing ribosomes.  The ribosomes produced then are used to transcribe proteins for the cell in the process of Transcription.  It also has some other uses involving proteins within the cell.Day 12-  It is a double lipid bilayer membrane which surrounds the chromosomes and nucleolus in eukaryotic cells. The nuclear membrane has thousands of nuclear pores – large hollow proteins about 100 nm across, with an inner channel about 40 nm wide. They link the inner and outer nuclear membranes.Day 13- Today I was excited I was going home. I found the Chromatin. The substance of which eukaryotic chromosomes are composed. It consists of proteins (principally histones), DNA, and small amounts of RNA. The DNA molecule is wrapped around the histones to form a series of linked globular nucleosomes, resembling beads on a string. This is itself coiled to form a highly condensed solenoid arrangement, constituting a form of chromatin called heterochromatin, which stains densely with basic stains. The genes in the solenoid can only be transcribed if the solenoid unfolds to some extent, forming an expanded chromatin (euchromatin), which is lighter staining. The degree of condensation in any particular region is regulated by reversible acetylation of the histones: the greater the degree of acetylation, the less condensed than chromatin, and hence the greater the availability of genes for transcription. Later that day…. I’m back home. Sweet sweet home I will never take my home for granted ever again. When I got home I ate so much and I went to my families house. I also told the scientist that I am taking a break. I also made the biggest breakthrough since the centuries thanks to that mistake.

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