Nora Mahmoud 1-24-18 Greek Mythology Outline P. 3Greek Mythological Figure Outline Background and Purpose Medusa; her hair, in the forms of snakes, turned people who gazed upon hair into stone. The gorgons, Sthenno and Euryale, were her sisters. (Karas)Medusa’s name does not change in either Greek or Roman (Gall)Daughter of Phorcys (sea god of the hidden dangers of the deep) and Ceto (goddess of the dangers of the sea/ sea monsters), who were the children of Gaea (earth) and Oceanus (Ocean). She had two other sisters, and the three of them were called the Gorgons. (Karas) Her most well known symbol are snakes. When depicted in art, only her head is shown and was thought to be a symbol of protection to ward of the negative. The gorgoneion was displayed everywhere in ancient Greece from temples to vases. She is depicted in ancient times as a monster. It was very common for the Gorgons, typically Medusa, to be on the aegis (shield) of gods and goddesses, such as Zeus and Athena. (Glennon) (Garcia)Medusa’s name comes from the old Greek verb “????” which means “to guard or protect.” No words are derivative from her name. The word ‘Gorgon’ comes from the Greek word “??????” meaning “fierce, terrible and grim.”(Glennon) (Garcia)Cultural Values: Related myths and stories include the tale of Perseus and Medusa. Medusa was once said to be a beautiful maiden with locks of golden hair and beauty. She had many suitors but gave in to none for she had devoted herself to a life of celibacy seeing as she was a priestess of Athena. However, she forgot hair vows and was lured by Poseidon and married him. After lying with him in Athena’s shrine, she was punished severely by the goddess; every one of hair beautiful golden locks of hair were turned into snakes. She soon became a hideous monster and obtained the ability to turn anyone who gazed upon hair to stone, petrifying them, as apart of the curse from Athena. Hair death and demise came to her as a form of further punishment by Athena, where she sent the Greek hero Perseus to slay her and bring back her head. With gifts from the gods including Hermes’s winged sandals, the helm of invisibility from Hades, and a reflective shield from Athena, he set off and successfully beheaded Medusa. From her beheaded neck sprang Chrysaor and Pegasus. However, her ability to turn onlookers into stone still remained and her head had to be placed in a kibisis, a special bag given to Perseus by the nymphs to conceal her power. Through the story of Medusa, you can conclude that the Greeks valued punishment. They viewed that breaking your oath was a punishable act and called for retribution. Allusions:a.)When coming across Medusa in writing, the author expects the reader to be able to identify Medusa through the idea of Greek mythology.The author expects the reader to know that Medusa was a woman with snakes for hair whose gaze petrified the person who gazed at hair into stone. Specific attributes include that she was once a beautiful woman who was cursed by Athena for eloping with Poseidon b.)Some concepts a writer would want to use when referring to someone as ‘Medusa’ would be: referring to them as a repulsive or terrifying person, saying they have unruly hair. The writer’s desire for the reader would be to understand that Medusa was a monster, and associating someone with hair might be like referring to them as a snake, or a lying and deceitful person.