of Ontario (PEO) refers to an entity in Canada that sets guidelines for
professional engineers. The Professional Engineers of Ontario (PEO) produces
different guidelines that are meant to educate both licenses and the public on
standards and practice. It is imperative to note that PEO`s major objective is
to the ensure that the Professional Engineers Act is met. PEO is there for
public safety and welfare because it provides the guidelines and ground through
which engineers must align their professional practice 1. For
instance, PEO establishes, maintains and develops standards of qualification
that engineers will approach during practice. Therefore, PEO is a major entity
in producing guidelines with the objective of educating both licensed engineers
and the public on standards of practice 1.
Engineers have an
obligation of performing their roles in line with the provisions of PEO. For
examples, constructions engineers have their practice guided by the
Professional Engineers Act 1. One of the
aspects is the ethics of practice 2. Members of
the engineering profession are expected to exhibit the highest standards of
honesty and integrity in practice. When it comes to engineering ethics, there
are different aspects that come into play. For example, the services offered by
engineers should be guided by fairness and equity 2. Professional
engineers must perform their responsibilities by adhering to the highest
principles of ethical conduct.
Public safety and
welfare – The services offered by engineers must be observe safety and ensure
they do not endanger the wellbeing of consumers. For instance, a structural
engineer constructing a bridge must ensure the bridge is up to standard so as
not to endanger the users. Different canons that guide the ethical prospects of
engineers include the value of safety, health, and welfare of the people they
are serving 3. The safety
of the services engineers offer to their client is paramount because of the
dangers users may be exposed to 4. Therefore,
engineers are obligated to paramount safety in their roles. In addition, the
public health is another ethical aspect that all engineers should observe as
provided by the PEO.
Obligations of an Engineer
refers to the necessary expectations that engineers must observe to ensure the
public`s safety and welfare. According to the PEO, engineers have an obligation
to performing services only in areas of their competence. It is imperative to
note that every engineer has his area of specialization. For instance,
electrical engineers cannot work as construction engineers. Therefore,
engineers have an obligation of offering services only to areas of their
specialization 5. Unlike many
other occupations, every engineer is licensed before venturing into practice to
ensure that he or she performs services only in areas of competence. This is
important because the safety and wellbeing of the people served is accounted
for adequately 4. Engineering
services are fatal if not well managed and may result to devastating hazards.
For instance, structural engineers should design and build a bridge crossing a
river with precision and efficiency. Mechanical engineers cannot perform this
work, and if they venture into delivering this service, it will be a great
danger to the safety of the bridge users as well as the constructors.
PEO is there for public
safety and welfare because it offers engineers the authority to practice.
Without the authority to practice, one will never be an engineer, and this is
achieved after achieving the desirable prospects. For instance, one must have
completed his education under the relevant course 1.
Engineers have a responsibility to provide professional and competent services
in their line of duty. Whenever engineers are using the professional
designation, it is significant that they consider the document they are
endorsing because it is accompanied with a letter or engineering drawing. This
acts towards protecting the welfare and safety of the public considering the
sensitivity of most of engineering services 4. Failure of
observing the PEO guidelines, the scrutiny of independent public review will
always follow 1.
In addition, there is an
inherent integrity that follows the use of professional engineer`s designation.
According to the code of ethics, professional engineers have an obligation of
protecting the public welfare above their duties to their customers and that of
their employer 3. Therefore,
engineers are guided by PEO to never compromise the safety and welfare of the
public for personal interests. On the other hand, clients and employers are
informed by PEO to always recognize the responsibility that accompanies the
engineering practice and never in any way exert pressure to an engineer to
compromise the main responsibility 1. The reality
is that every engineer has to be licenced before practicing. Also, practice
engineering profession is followed by the ethical and professionalism aspects 1. Failure to
observe the PEO guidelines may lead to revoking of an individual`s engineering
The role of PEO on
public safety and welfare is clearly outlined through its venture in the
provision of guidelines that are intended to o describe processes that are
essential for the regulatory, administrative and ethical considerations. In
many cases, managing entities of various professions fail to meet the expected
outcomes because the process of regulation is not well governed. For engineers,
PEO has set guidelines that describe different processes that are important for
measures such as regulation of activities. Regulation of engineering activities
is important because the public`s safety and welfare is likely to be
compromised 5. The ethical
and administrative considerations are also critical to the safety and welfare
of the public, especially when associated with specific professional services.
PEO strives towards
enhancing the professionalism of its members through different engineering
practices 1. The safety
and welfare of the public is a major concern to PEO and has always established
measures that are of considerable effect in promoting safety to clients. In
addition, PEO assists practitioners in describing their proper professional
relationships with related parties such as customers, employers and the public 4. Through this
prospect, this entity is able to monitor and implement critical safety
standards for the public. The guidelines provided by this body are important
because they equip engineers and the public with substantial knowledge on
different matters pertaining the safety and welfare of the society based on
engineering practice. For example, it describes the ethical prospects of an
engineer and how his behaviour towards customers is of paramount importance.
Through such measures, the safety and welfare of the public is well nurtured
and regulated by the PEO.
The definition of
engineering is outlined in the first section of the Professional Engineers Act.
It describes that the practice of engineering entails planning, designing,
composing, evaluating, and reporting different activities within the society.
In addition, advising, directing and supervising are roles of engineers that
have considerable impact to the safety and welfare of the public. Therefore,
engineers through the PEO are set out to effectively observe the Professional
Engineers Act through knowledge and skills that are a tested research and experience
4. The acts of
engineers must involve safeguarding life, health, property and the public
welfare. Application of engineering principles is the last aspect that should
be articulated by an engineer. Once these three values have been met, then it
is considerable to describe the engineering activity as to have acknowledged
the safety and welfare of the public.
The implications of an
engineering practice are adverse when the regulatory policies and the Professional
Engineers Act are not followed. For example, if a structural engineer designs
and constructs a structure on a wetland and the structure fails to live up to
the expected standards, then it is a threat to the public 2. Engineers
need to understand that that they should take responsibility and be accountable
for their work. However, it is imperative to note that this is the only
profession where responsibility is in the hands of the third party, “the
public.” Engineers are expected to demonstrate behaviour that will encourage
clients, as well as promoting safety and the welfare of the public 2. To foster
these values, engineers are expected to closely observe the code of ethics.
Compliance entails encouraging and reinforcing good ethical approaches with
customers at high standards.
In conclusion, the PEO
has set out different guidelines that govern the practice of engineers.
According to the Engineering Profession of Ontario under the Professional
Engineers Act, professional engineers must conduct their work in compliance to
the set guidelines. In addition, laws and regulations governing their practice
must be observed. One of the core roles of the PEO is to educate the public and
engineers about engineering practice. For instance, the safety and welfare of
the public is safeguarded through its protection from unqualified, incompetent,
and unfit practitioners. Professional responsibility denotes that engineers
have an obligation to conduct themselves in accordance with the technical and
legal standards. One of the key professional conduct that an engineer should
observe is practicing within his or her competence.