Schizophrenia research has shown that the use of

Schizophrenia is a disorder that can affect a person’s
ability to think, feel, and behave clearly. It is most commonly found in
adults, and can very rarely be found in children. There are methods of
treatment, but there are no cures for the disorder. It may last a couple years
or a lifetime. The exact cause of schizophrenia is not known, but is linked to
damaged brain chemistry, genetics, and the person’s environment. People who
experience schizophrenia feel as if they are disconnected with reality and
struggle with their communication skills. New research has shown that the use
of heavy amounts of cannabis can cause people to start showing symptoms of schizophrenia.

On the other hand cannabidiol, which is found in the cannabis sativa plant, is
showing promising results controlling schizophrenia.

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Schizophrenia is an atrocious disorder, which affects a
person’s ability to think, feel, and behave normally. People who experience schizophrenia
feel as if they are disconnected with reality and struggle with their
communication skills. There has been no proof of what exactly causes
schizophrenia, but it’s believed that a combination of genetics, brain chemistry,
and environment are key factors in causing schizophrenia. The disorder only
affects about one percent of the population. 
If the symptoms are treated properly, you can greatly improve
functioning skills over time (APA 2017). Research has shown that schizophrenia
affects men and women equally, but men tend to show earlier signs.

Causes

There has been no proof of what exactly causes schizophrenia, but a
combination of uncontrollable factors such as poor genetics, modified brain
chemistry, and environment has shown evidence of possibly being the reason
behind it. Research on family genetics has shown that kids born from an adult
with schizophrenia have a ten percent chance of getting the disorder as well.

Also, if a twin has schizophrenia their other twin has a fifty percent chance
of having it (Howcast 2013). Babies born with a low birth weight have shown an
increased chance of developing schizophrenia, but the correlation is very
minimal.

Diagnosing and Subtypes

            Diagnosing
schizophrenia can be a difficult task. There are no lab tests or radiological
x-rays doctors can use to diagnose this disorder. Patients are taken through a
clinical interview. Along with that, they interview people who are with the
patient often enough to see symptoms. In their clinical interview they test
five categories. If the patient tests positive for two or more categories they
are diagnosed with schizophrenia. Patients are tested for delusions consisting
of false beliefs or paranoia. Next they are tested for hallucinations and to
see if they hear voices or see imaginary things. The next two categories for
diagnosing can have a correlation between them, because they imply a
disorganized lifestyle. These two categories are disorganized thought and
disorganized behavior. Disorganized thought is when patients struggle to get
from point A to point B in a conversation. Their minds wander off topic and the
patient changes the conversation. Disorganized behavior can signify poor
self-care and difficultly organizing activities. The last clinical question is
if they have negative symptoms.  Negative
symptoms consist of four traits.  These
symptoms consist of anhedonia, which is the inability to feel pleasure and avolition,
which is decreased motivation.  Also, flat
affect, which is when you display no emotion, and alogia, which is when you
have no thoughts and struggle with speech. Doctors also test for whether the
disorder is from a medical condition or drug use.

            Before
2013, there were numerous types of schizophrenia.  These subtypes included paranoid schizophrenia,
hebephrenic schizophrenia, catatonic schizophrenia, and several more. After
2013, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5th
Edition (DSM-V) changed all of these into just one group known as schizophrenia.

The American Psychiatric Association terminated these subtypes because they had
“limited diagnostic ability, low reliability, and poor
validity”(MedicalNewsToday 2013).

Interesting Facts

Roughly 2.2 millions Americans will develop schizophrenia,
forty percent of them will attempt suicide and ten percent of them will
actually kill themselves at one point. After ten years of having schizophrenia
about twenty-five percent of people will completely recover, another
twenty-five percent will greatly improve, and another twenty-five percent will
get a little better, but still need plenty of help in their life. Fifteen
percent will end up in a hospital and not improve at all and ten percent will
die mostly from suicide. Six percent of schizophrenics are homeless, six
percent are in jail, five to six percent in hospitals, ten percent in nursing
homes, twenty-five percent live with family, twenty-eight live on their own,
and twenty percent live in a group home (Schizophrenia.ca 2015).

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