Sesame Thiamine (mg) 0.95 Riboflavin (mg) 0.25 Niacin

Sesame (Sesamum indicum l.) included in family
of Pedaliaccae, is an oldest known
oil crop known to human and has been part of human diet since classical times 1. It hold the 9th position among the top 13
oilseed crops which make up 90% of the world production of edible oil 2. Sesame
oil is the major dietary oil in Asian countries. Sesame seeds are mainly
cultivated for the purpose of oil extraction only. The implementation of sesame
in our diet it may helps in enhancing the taste of daily consumed dishes.
Though sesame seeds  not good source of
starch thease seeds have a pleasant flavour and its taste resembles the nuts,
it can spread over soups ,salads, and the 
baked  products can be
supplemented with whole sesame grains to get attractive  form that reform the final product texture.

As sesame
oil includes superior quantity of mono unsaturated fatty acids (MUFA’s) than
saturated fatty acids (SFA’s)  it can
improves the health of consumers. Besides this this MUFA’s this oil also
contain bioactive compounds like phytosterols and tocopherols. The typical
proportions of FA’s in sesame oil  are in
following way.3

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Linoleic

42.1%

Oleic

46.2-48.5%

SFA’s

13%

 

 

The major
constituents of sesame seed are oil, protein, carbohydrates, lignans, and minor
constituents such as minerals. 4

Composition of sesame seed (per 100
g)

Energy
( calories)

578

Moisture
(%)

4.7

Fat          (g)

51.9

Protein  (g)

19.8

Carbohydrates
(g)

18.4

Fiber
(g)

10.8

Ash
 (g)

5.2

Lignans  (g)

1.9

K  (mg)

400

Ca  (mg)

1200

Fe
(mg)

9.6

P
(mg)

9.6

Mg
(mg)

370

Na
(mg)

2

Vitamin
C (µg)

12

Vitamin
A (IU)

10

Carotene  (µg)

17

Thiamine
(mg)

0.95

Riboflavin
(mg)

0.25

Niacin
(mg)

5.1

Sesame
seed contain 20% and and its defatted form contain 50% of protein.

 

Sesame
seeds contain phytochemicals which particularly have anti oxidant, antifungal,
hypolipidaemic  and  hypoglycaemic actions5.

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