Since 2016. Complementing the decline in emissions since
Since the late 2000s, the International Union for Conservation of Nature has categorized as high as over a third of mammals and birds, 79% reptiles, 62% amphibians and more than 25% of freshwater fish and vascular plants in Switzerland to be vulnerable to extinction. In situations as such, the Swiss Confederation finds it duly important for the UNHRC to consider dealing with such agendas and to re-evaluate its Universal Declaration of Human Rights, articles of which should not be limited to dealing with the rights of human, but the rights of all living beings in general.
Switzerland has made much progress towards a green economy, which proves its above-average performance on several green-growth-related indicators. In 2013, the Federal Council adopted a well-strategized Green Economy Action Plan, acknowledging the need to further green the nation. A milestone was achieved when, in 2008, a climate policy change was introduced of a carbon dioxide emission tax, which was heightened to EUR 77 per tonne in 2016. Complementing the decline in emissions since 2000, all major air pollutants have been successfully decoupled from economic growth. We are also one of the first nations to implement a national policy to minimise micro-pollutants in waste disposal treatment plant effluents, consistent with the polluter-pays norm. This action was taken when many micro-pollutants were discovered at surface water, victim of which could’ve been the aquatic ecosystem. In 2014, Switzerland ratified the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) Convention which is popularly known as the Aarhus Convention, where decisions were on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-Making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters. Post ratification, the Environmental Protection Agency was amended to describe all types of information on environment that cantonal and federal authorities must publish on public platforms. Through a right to appeal, any cantonal or federal decision can be put into justice and appeals can be brought by anyone who has been directly affected by such decisions. Since 2013, the foundation of Education21 has encouraged education on sustainable development at the primary and upper secondary education levels. On dealing with biodiversity conservation and its sustainable use, the Federal Council adopted the Swiss Biodiversity Strategy in 2012. Switzerland has signed the nine protocols of the Alpine Convention and looks forward to ratifying it as soon as possible.
Steps need to be taken into include essential articles into the Universal Declaration of Human Rights to safeguard all living beings. This includes, but is not limited to, establishing a moratorium on harming the ability of living creatures to grow and reproduce according to its will, endangering the continuation of any species unless it imposes a serious toll on other living beings, rupturing the natural habitat of any living organism for commercial purposes etc. Measures need to be taken as to not disrupting the existence of any living species due to different ethical principles, religious views, discrimination of any sorts, advancement in the field of biotechnology or genetic mutation, ethnic cleansing or ethnic laws to restrict the accommodation of any specie to a specific location. Nations should look to limit their population growth till extents where it will not harm the biosphere or the biodiversity and they should look to repair and reinstall any habitats or endangered species which are under the risk of falling apart. Alongside that, resolutions should be drafted during council and countries should look to ratify them as soon as possible. International legislations should be established and all states should abide by those standards.