Since independent state…From 1990 to 1999 the

Since 1990, Russia has gone from a ….. Today Russia is questionable as a democracy; in order to classify a country as democratic or not they must have legal, transparent and competitive elections, plurality of candidates, fundamental rights and liberties, and separation of power such as for example “checks and balances”. Russia as part of the Soviet Union was a one party socialist state that did not allow many freedoms and elections until nearly the end of the union. From the collapse of the USSR, Russia became once again an independent state…From 1990 to 1999 the world saw the fall of the Soviet Union and the rise of an independent Russia will democratic ideals. Polity IV is a system of classification used to measure the level of democracy in a country which bases its score on the aspects such as the competitivity and freedom of the elections, the nature of the political participation and the amount of power given to the executive power. For every year and country, they are given a score that can range from -10 to +10. Scores from -10 to -6 correspond to autocracies, scores from -6 to +6 correspond to anocracy and scores from 6 to 10 are democracies. With this system, the scores of Russia from to 1990 to 1999 would anocracies with rising levels of democracy but still a certain amount of autocracy. From the graph it can be seen that until 2000, Russia was declared a anocracy. From the year 2000 to 2006, the Polity IV system shows that it was declared a democracy due to the fact that the regime had a successful democratic transfer of power in 2000 as Vladmir Putin was elected in a generally fair race with eleven candidates. Putin’s popularity grew as the economy recovered and through his presidency, a control of the federal budget resulted in a major cut of the country’s  external debt and this led to him winning the 2004 elections without any major competitors.   2005/2006? In 2007 there is a change on the graph from being a democracy to returning to an anocracy which continues until 2016. Another system of classification used for political regimes is the Freedom House system which originates from the United States and evaluates the level of political and civil liberties of every country. The evaluations come from a scale that goes from 1 to 7 to determine if a country is free, partially free or not free. A score of 1 represents a free country and a score of 7 is a country that is not free. There are also intermediate scores that range from 1 to 2,5 which would be considered free countries, countries with intermediate scores of 3 to 5 are considered partially free and the scores from 5.5 to 7 are not free. The criterias of evaluation used to determine the level of democracy in a country include: the existence of political rights such as electoral processes and participation, and also civil liberties for example freedom of expression, individual rights and being a welfare state. On the graph, it shows that from 1990-1990 this system rated the country as partially free as free elections were held 1991 and a new constitution was approved to create a president with strong power and create a bicameral legislature in 1993. Although there were some anomalies, 1996 presidential elections were generally fair as Boris Yeltsin easily defeated his opponents in the presidential elections with open support from the most influential elites in the country. During the Chechen War from 1994-1996, the military restricted the access for journalists to the war zone and the fear of kidnappings prevented the news media from going to the affected area. In 1998 Yeltsin replaced Prime Minister Chernomyrdin and his entire government due to the failure of economic reforms and replaced them with a new government that was more in favor of spending and state control over reforms. In the 1999 presidential elections, candidates were unfairly disqualified due to stringent electoral laws and control of the media coverage which was biased towards certain candidates over others. Also, in the same year, the rating of civil liberties changed due to the increase of harassment Chechens after bombings and created a greater level of interference of the government in the media and the parliamentary elections. From 2001 to 2004 Russia was still rated as a partially free country but began to have a lower rating due to the increasing pressure on the media and opposing political parties from the state.  From 2005 is when the country’s rating went down from partly free to not free because of the elimination of any opposing political parties and the continuing growth of the president’s power. The trend of the country being considered not free continued to 2009 with an unfair presidential election and 2010 brought about more state control, more police corruption, less religious freedom, and the increase in attacks against activists and journalists. Russia remained a not free country in 2013 due to the repression of the LGBT community and migrant workers which led to protests from both groups. From 2015 until 2016, Russia´s rating declined more as a not free country because of the rise in media control and state controlled propaganda to suppress alternate opinions and also the appearance of restrictions on the ability for some of the populations to travel outside of the country. The government also prevented opposing candidates from competing in the local and regional elections. The last system of classification is the Democracy-Dictatorship Index which is a group of data that refers to a binary measurement of democracy. A regime is considered a dictatorship if it completes at least one of the following conditions: the executive leader has not been elected, the legislature has not been elected and  there is only one party. If none of the previous conditions apply than there is a fourth condition, which is the type II condition, that says the party in power has never lost an election after at least 2 electoral periods or under the same electoral rules which they came into power. On the graph, according to this system, it shows that the final year of the Soviet Union was a dictatorship and from 1991 to 2007, Russia became a type II civilian dictatorship…..From 2008 to 2016, the Democracy-Dictatorship Index shows that Russia is dictatorship due to the fourth condition of the system as Vladmir Putin has never lost an election after at least two elections. In conclusion, Russia can be classified as an…according to the three systems of classification