Since People (NAACP).”(LOC) . With the rise of

Since the 1600’s African Americans have been seen as something lower than the lower class, something lower than humans and have been considered slaves. But after a few hundred years blacks were freed from slavery and were able to get paid for their work. During the Great Depression blacks would be fired from their jobs if there were white people without a job, the unemployment rate was two to three times higher than that of white Americans. After the Great Depression wwii had started and many blacks, despite the past, would sign up for the draft and would voluntarily help the American people during this time, and still they earned none of the respect they deserve.African-Americans have been mistreated and were denied acknowledgement for their contributions and achievements from the great depression to WWII.During the Great Depression,Blacks were seen as inferior to whites, so as long as all whites are living prosperous lives then, and only then, blacks would have been able to live roughly conflict free “In some Northern cities, whites called for blacks to be fired from any jobs as long as there were whites out of work.”(NMOTPW). Blacks were out of jobs and without the support of the president ,colored people during this time period were faced with a persistent obstacle. “President Roosevelt, for political reasons, did not back all of the legislation favored by such groups as the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).”(LOC) . With the rise of the Great Depression of the 1930s, the NAACP confronted an internal dispute with America and external criticism from America for pursuing an agenda of civil and political equality instead of the agenda of economic development and independence.As the WWII started, blacks had increasingly insisted on the privileges of full citizenship. African Americans were ready to work and fight for their country, yet they demanded for an end to the discrimination against them and other minorities around them.So how exactly were black officers treated at this time? The dilemma of the black officer seemed to worsen; many african americans were considered unqualified to command troops, even all-black units(Quarles, Benjamin).Even high ranking african american soldiers were denied the rank they were given “There is a fellow here named Russell Hubbard he usa to be a Sgt but now he is a Pvt and we have’nt been here a month yet!”(Unknown, “Help is Wanted”).Everything was fine before they ripped his uniform and had the majority of  his pay taken from him until the next January. This officer was stripped of his title of Sargent and was demoted to a Private.According to his men, Hubbard was very intelligent; with an IQ of 139, It seemed as if  he should have been in charge.   Yet , according to the military black officers never really measured up to army standards. But why exactly was this a fact? Due to the past, African americans had suffered from a legacy of racial epithets; no matter how qualified they were on paper, nor their education and any type of special training. Black soldiers;Officers specifically were viewed as just men. During the 1940s, black Americans in and out of uniform move toward the elimination of segregation and discrimination in the county’s armed forces. Their combined voices represented a strong resentment for army racism, and they made their feelings known to the Roosevelts. A Labor leader had threatened to protest in Washington for job discrimination in the military and other defense-related activities. In response, and under pressure from civil rights advocates such as A. Philip Randolph, Franklin D. Roosevelt issued an order banning racial discrimination in the defense industry and in federal government hiring. “There shall be no discrimination in the employment of workers in defense industries and in Government, because of race, creed, color, or national origin.”(FDR).As in previous wars, African Americans had faced white resistance and encountered extreme segregated conditions both at home as well as in the military. Not all is lost because, during WWII, we had observed  a number of  advancements and breakthroughs for the African American community which aren’t given enough recognition. For instance Benjamin O. Davis, Sr.  had become the very first African American general in US history(U.S. Army Center of Military History)., yet he hasn’t won a medal of honor for his service On March 22, 1941 the Army’s Air Force organized its first nearly all-black squadron of pilots- the famous Tuskegee Airmen.”Tuskegee Airmen” refers to the men and women, African-Americans and Caucasians, who were involved in the so-called “Tuskegee Experience”. It was the Army Air Corps program created to  train African Americans to fly and maintain combat aircrafts for the sake of battle. The Tuskegee Airmen included pilots, navigators, bombardiers, maintenance ,support staff, instructors, and all the personnel who kept the planes properly running. Black women were accepted into the Women’s Auxiliary Army Corps,the (WAAC) was established to work with the Army(not separately from), “for the purpose of making available to the national defense the knowledge, skill, and special training of the women of the nation.” In January 1941, the Army opened its nurse corps to blacks but established a ceiling of only 56 women.Thats a small percentage considering the massive amount of women who were actually apart of the WAAC-over 150,000 women (Hicks). While African Americans genuinely made up only a small percentage-only 11.0%(Minority Groups in World War II .)- of the combat forces and fought in segregated units, the foundation was created for the integration of the armed services in 1948 by the Executive Order 9981 of President Truman .At home, the war effort fueled the migration of more than 1.5(AAME) million African Americans out of the South to the industrial cities of the North. It was seen as a major demographic shift that often resulted in racial tension and riots, such as the Detroit race riot of 1943. However, it also made possible the inclusion of African Americans into labor organizations and greatly encouraged the growth of a relatively prosperous black middle class. The NAACP launched the Double-V campaign in the belief that the war offered an opportunity to get their point across. There was a point in this, Fighting in an ironic war were they would simultaneously fight for their county and still be affected by the racial injustices at home. So the NAACP used this chance to make their demands have substance. Fighting for equality during a war has its perks, when you produce good results you are generally given respect,basically to “persuade, embarrass, compel, and shame our government and our nation into a more enlightened attitude toward a tenth of its people.”(OAASC.)  

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