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The country Djibouti is in the Horn of Africa, and its population is 942,000 people. Djibouti separates the Gulf of Alden and the Red Sea enters into the Indian Ocean. There is a very big deep water port that hosts a place for a French Naval base right off shore. The climate is one that varies from two different seasons one being hot and the other being hotter, so it does not usually get lower than 70 degrees. The rainfall in Djibouti is very periodic generally from January to March, and it is prone to cause flooding damage to everything that is at sea level. They do not usually get rain though it’s been a drought for a long time. The plant and animal life in Djibouti includes many different species of trees, herbivores, carnivores, and marine life if they can survive the very harsh climate.The gross domestic production per capita in Djibouti is not too bad at 3,400 dollars compared to many other countries in Africa however it is still very poor compared to other industrial advanced countries. Most of the money comes from jobs like refueling boats and ships for them to transport items. The economy in Djibouti is low because of the scarce resources. The unemployment rate is very high at 59.50 percent. Most people work at a mineral water bottling company. The inflation rate is not the worst, but it is at -.50 so that means that their economy is not growing at this point. There is very high for net export right now in Djibouti, and it is at 72,600,000 million this year but the debt in Djibouti is increasing fast every year, and that is at 1.339 billion dollars. Djibouti’s economy is at high risk for the coming years because of all the debt.In Djibouti, there are two parts to their education system; the first part is nine years of fundamental education, and then they get a really important certificate that helps them into the second part of the system which is the last three years of schooling. The overall literacy rate for Djibouti is 67.9 percent but 78 percent are males, and 58.4 percent are females that can read or write. Since Djibouti is one of the poorest countries in the world, not many people can afford to get an education at the price of 1,000 dollars a year. According to the website global, the U.S. gave a grant to the education in Djibouti that is worth 212,517 dollars from 2017 to 2019. The education as a whole is getting better and better as the years pass and they receive hands on skills for their jobs. Most students go to college for two years or they just go into the workforce.Many travelers that have to go to Djibouti need many different vaccines like Malaria, Typhoid, and Hepatitis A. There are so many diseases in this country odds are if you do not get these vaccines you are going to be walking out of Djibouti with one. The life expectancy for someone living in this country is pretty low at 61 to 64 years of age. The reason being is because there are only .23 doctors for every 1,000 patients. The kids in Djibouti are not getting the nutrients that they need to live a longer life, and their malnutrition rate is 29 percent. Infants are at the most risk because they attract diseases easier than older people. The infant mortality rate for Djibouti is 47.2 out of every 1,000 live births.        There are not enough resources in Djibouti to sustain all of its people. Most of its natural resources include things like salt, gold, limestone, and petroleum. Djibouti has been in a food crisis for quite a while now. Since 2011 they have been starving to death in Djibouti. The main reason they have been starving for so long is that of the rain drought and the severe flooding that continues to switch. They only have two seasons in Djibouti a flooding season and a tremendous dry season. Djibouti needs to stagger their crops and livestock because they do not know what will happen with the climate. If people do not have the everyday needs, they are going to starve and eventually die. Some people in Djibouti have just resorted to going off on their own and hunting or gathering food.The land in Djibouti is under 4 percent arable with only about 60 percent available for grazing livestock. The technology in Djibouti is not much, but they did start an internet that boosted up broadband speeds in East Africa. In 2014, the internet startup was formed, it was called the Djibouti Data Center or DDC. Local investors built the internet startup, and they made this to make trade easier for all of East Africa. The production breakdown in Djibouti is made up from 3 percent agriculture, 20 percent industry, and 77 percent services. The services in Djibouti are transporting and importing goods throughout the country. Djibouti is one of the worst countries in East Africa when it comes to having enough resources to sustain all of its people.     The transportation system has gotten way better since 1976, when they only had a single-track railway that connected to their capital to Addis Ababa. This railroad was closed from 1977-1978 because of the Ethiopian War. They revitalized the new train system that now runs on the Ethiopian border and connects the Djibouti capital and the Ethiopian capital. Now the transportation is either taxis or car rentals that were bigger in the larger cities. If you are taking a taxi, you need to be aware of chew khat which makes the driver want to go faster, but if you rent a car, you can travel at the speed you want to. Most roads in Djibouti are very rough. They also have water taxis that go to Djibouti City, Obock, and Tadjoura. Traveling by water is very slow especially when traveling to Yemen on the international ferry. All these things hurt the economic status in Djibouti because if you don’t have enough money to pay for things the roads and railways are not going to get better.    They are designing a new bulk supply storage that will hold most of the items at a new terminal harbor. The new structure will be able to withstand horrible climate conditions. Several years ago there was the same thing built in a different port in Djibouti. Many refugees are fleeing from Yemen because of the War Crisis they have going on. The population has increased since people from Yemen do whatever they can to go to Djibouti. The country of Djibouti is ultimately a free zone when importing or selling products. If you are importing or selling your products to different locations, you do need various licenses and the high the education the better you will be off.    Djibouti has a lot of exports, imports, and resources that go to many different countries all over the world. Some of the exports that get shipped out of the country would be things like sheep and goats are the biggest at 22 percent, and then there are many smaller ones like coffee, wood charcoal, refined petroleum, and railway cargo containers. Djibouti is also the 190th largest exporter in the whole world of exporting 72,600,000. The main countries that Djibouti exports items to are Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Spain, and Finland. There has been a massive increase in imports within the last five years. Some imports in Djibouti are items like vehicles, food, nitrogenous fertilizers, and many more. They are the 138th largest importer in the nation. For the people to survive in Djibouti importing and exporting many different items is vital to the country. The leading countries that Djibouti gets items from are China, Ethiopia, and the United States. Djibouti trades with many different nations from big to small, and they do this so they can help the growth of their economy.    Djibouti has a presidential representative democratic republic which means that the government powers the person in charge. The system that Djibouti is empowered by is based on the people’s rally to make things better. In 2010, there was a new amendment that got passed. The president in Djibouti is both heads of state, and he is also head of the government. They can only serve for five-year terms, and then a new person is selected to be the head person. The 65 people involved in the chamber of deputies run for five-year terms as well. Djibouti is made up of five regions and one city. There is a very big problem in the systems like health care, education, and economy because of the limited resources in the country. These systems are all affected by the lower diversity and low systematic areas. Djibouti is ultimately pretty stable as a government, but there have been conflicts like refugees coming over from Yemen because of their war crisis.        There are many ways for Djibouti to improve their standard of living and end crisis going on throughout the country. For enhancing the resource accessibility, they could save various items and make new ones for the people to reuse. The availability would for resources is very tough because most of the country is in poverty so if they created something where you could just trade items or do work to get the items this would be a great help with the economic structure of Djibouti. One of the more significant things that they could improve on is the work for women not many women work in the country of Djibouti and if they did it could potentially be a great help for many. One suggestion is the women could start learning easier jobs and just work their way up instead of starting a harder job not many women have the knowledge they need or the education necessary for the jobs. This is why they need to develop a better education system to produce a better understanding of the workforce and this would also help against poverty in Djibouti. The last need in Djibouti to improve is the healthcare it’s terrible when you have less than one doctor for every one thousand people in Djibouti. They could provide more education for people to become doctors or send out to people from other countries to come and be doctors in the country.        In conclusion to this research paper, Djibouti is one of the worst when it comes to impoverished countries because of all the reasons listed in this document. Every living thing including animals in Djibouti are still living but its very harsh because of the limited amounts of resources they have. If they keep fighting poverty in this country, it could help with the growth of most everything to keep the nation surviving. The newest issue is a huge deal right now with refugees from Yemen swimming across the gulf to get to Djibouti because of the killings. Listed in this paper were just some main points how they could start improving their country as a whole. There still is much more to researching this country, but that is just like any other country there is always going to be new topics and crisis happening in the country. 


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