The pollution in three groups; point source pollution,

The Industrialization of our country has caused a astronomical amount of waste and pollution. One of many areas this industrialization affects are the great lakes, which contain almost a quarter(!!) of freshwater worldwide. Lowered water levels and Pollution are causing irreversible damage to ecosystems and the continents water supply. The United States and Canadian governments must collaborate to ensure future sustainability of the freshwater lakes. There are dozens of negative factors that affect the area that need to be identified and solved. Some of these factors involve microplastics, sewage and farm run-off and many more. The abuse of governments and major corporations, the great lakes have greatly polluted. The cause and effects of these pollutants need to be found and levels need to be reduced. Lowered water levels and rapid growing pollutants are causing irreversible damage to ecosystems and the continents water supply. Pollutants in the great lakes are a major problem, it has affected both the U.S and Canadian governments for over fifty years. Everything from the algae in the lakes to our water supply is heavily affected by the amount of pollution in the lakes. The downfall of this area and the increase in pollution has increased since the mid 1900’s.(U.S Environmental Protection Agency, 2012) The many different toxins and and chemical that have entered the Great Lakes, making them dangerous. This great resource is being mightily misused. They are being contaminated by direct and indirect pollutants that do not go through proper treatment. To restore our great lakes back to their natural beauty we need to take the initiative to identify these causes and conserve the great lakes. The first step that needs to be taken must be by the government to identify sources of pollution. The government as of right now divides the different types of pollution in three groups; point source pollution, nonpoint source pollution, and air pollution. (!) These three categories cover all of the different sources of pollution. Point source pollution is best described as pollutants that originate from one known direct source. This direct source is normally an industry of some sort such as a workshop, mill, or factory. This industry would then release its garbage into the lake. This garbage could range from dirty waste water from toxic chemicals and oils, to waste water from employee washrooms. Point source pollution is by far the easiest to reduce because the source of the pollution can be tracked down. It has been for the last forty years as nearly all point source pollutants have been tracked down and regulated since 1972.(!). Because the government is cracking down on all of these industries the number of sewage company has increased by over 200% since that time to help treat and regulate waste. (!). The main contributors to point source pollution are factories. Before the turn to the 21st century there was a common belief that if factories diluted the waste produced by the factories it would make it less harmful and hence no longer be a pollutant. However this was far from correct and is the main reason why they are the number one contributors to pollution in the great lakes. Pulp and paper factories would dilute the chemicals used in production and then disperse them into the water. The worst part is that one of the main chemicals disposed into the lake was mercury. Even in the smallest of quantities it can be extremely harmful to our bodies. Mercury can affect the major organ systems of humans such as their digestive, respiratory, immune system, kidney, eyes, and other parts of your body. Another example of point source pollution comes from household bathrooms. This waste obviously contains fecal matter which inside lives many different infectious diseases such as E.coli, Salmonella, and many more. These Bacteria are extremely harmful to humans and when attacked by them can cause serious illness. Over 20% of the water tested in Lake Michigan was found to have human fecal matter in 2004. With increases of population there is a high chance this number has spread to other lakes as well. A study done in 2011 showed that many houses with antiquated systems often released partially treated or even untreated sewage directly into the lakes. The overflowed water is directly dispersed into the lakes before it has the chance to be treated. This occurs because the water from households and the water from precipitation are put through the same pipe. Because of this combined sewage system if there is too much precipitation the sewage overflows, and flows directly into the lakes. This causes pollutants to flow into the lake and harm the ecosystems residing in and around the lakes.