The pattern of global increases in large quakes.
The article “Attuned to temblors: How well can scientists forecast massive earthquakes?” by Eva Botkin-Kowacki from the Christian Science Monitor inquiries about how scientists predict upcoming earthquakes. Earthquakes happen when stress that builds up over time from the shifting of the earth’s tectonic plates lets loose in the form of ripples. Seismologists recognize that predicting the precise location, time and magnitude of a specific earthquake is impossible. Unlike predicting a hurricane by using meteorological pressures, scientists can’t measure the amount of stress the crust is facing because faults are too deep beneath the Earth’s surface. Instead, they utilize a different method by using satellite information to show tectonic shifts at certain fault lines. Scientists use that data to determine the pressure buildup since the last quake. This doesn’t give a precise date; instead, it suggests that an earthquake might occur soon. A new hypothesis by Rebecca Bendick a geoscientist at the University of Montana, Missoula looks at forecasting from a global view. Rather than looking at specific faults, she considers whether there might be a predictable pattern of global increases in large quakes. Governments and researchers are cooperating to catch earthquakes immediately and alert communities as soon as possible. These early warning systems help countries like Mexico and Japan- with major fault lines- by reducing fatalities and damage done by earthquakes.This article is important to seismologists because it gives them a new perspective on how to measure and predict earthquakes. This article also gives information on new theories that are forming in the wake of many devastating natural disasters. This article is helpful for citizens of countries and states with faultlines because it gives them hope of being able to predict and be aware of earthquakes before they happen. Finally, this article can be helpful to government agencies in places with ault lines because it can help them predict and prepare for earthquakes.