The in the Yemen therefore leading the

The state is formed for the
people to perform duties such as fulfill, respect, promote, and protect and it
should do that at every cost. However that is not the case in our current world
we see the opposite of what we expected from the states, for example you can
find a state attacking its own people. There have been states that have
committed atrocities to their people all in the name of state government
interest. Once their actions are exposed, human rights watch from all around
the international system would put pressure on the state, putting a spotlight
on it. After which the global, regional, sub regional, and even the national
community implement human rights in consideration of the state to never violate
the rights of its citizens.



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Saudi Arabia is known for oil
production and hence making their economy so high. However it faced economic
problems due to the fall in the world in the oil price and the military
intervention in the Yemen therefore leading the state to violate human rights
of the individuals. Back in 2005, the Saudi Arabian authorities violated these
rights (the international convention on civil and political rights which
entails freedom to expression and association) through imprisoning and charging
activists and human rights defenders from their peaceful activities.  Discrimination against women was evident and
at some point in the world until it became a priority and there were pledges to
abolish this discriminatory treatment of women through a convention as they are
considered a vulnerable group in the international arena. Women continue to
face discrimination and remain legally subordinate and inferior to men in Saudi
Arabia (women are undermined and this makes them not have a say in the
society). This was in law and practice as they could not access higher
education despite been signatories to the convention against discrimination in
education, get employed and drive without male approval, get passports and to
some extent women are discriminated 
against even marriage with foreigners. They were as well inadequately
protected against sexual and other forms of violence. At some point, rape
victims could be lashed and accused of adultery in events that they are unable
to identify their attackers and in addition given jail terms a good example of
this was in 2009 September when a woman was jailed after being raped and was
likely to lashed 100; (Riyadh: rape victim might be lashed 100

These unjust cases
happened despite the state’s official efforts to change the situation.
Violations could be based on religious and morality stands and ethnicity as it
is well  know not every country will
accept the western culture since they want to maintain their values and morals
and a state like Saudi Arabia is more of a 
brotherhood state where they tend to work as a community to enhance
morals  for instance, before April 2004,
women in Saudi Arabia were allowed to only enter hotels with a national
identity card and it was the duty of the hotel to inform the police of their
room reservation and the length of stay although this applied to everyone
staying in the hotel. The international convention on protection of all migrant
workers’ and their families enacted in 2003 was aimed at making sure migrant
workers’ rights were taken care of in their residential states since they are
also a vulnerable group in society. In Saudi Arabia, foreign workers are given
little or no protection under the law. These workers are laid off without
payment and some employers confiscate visas and travel documents making them
prisoners and given forced labor which is a violation of their rights an
evidence of this is through one migrant worker from Bangladesh who told his
story and stated how she slept many nights beside the road without food because
of the low pay that could not sustain her; “Bad dreams: exploitation and abuse
of migrant workers in Saudi Arabia”. It is important that to note that Saudi
is a signatory to the abolition of forced labor convention and labor inspection
convention of 1947 however it has ratified some parts of the treaty because of
its national laws hence the treaty cannot be fully enacted. Foreign nationals
were left stranded with no food, water or exit visas and some were deported
prior to which they were abused by guards after the government cut spending on
contracts Some non-states actors such as Amnesty have also gotten an interest
in the workers who had run away from abusive employers and begun human
trafficking. However some are trafficked for commercial sex exploitation and
slave labor. There are states that torture and treat their prisoners by giving
them cruel punishment. Apart from that arrested suspects don’t even get access
to lawyers and are not even informed on the reason for their arrest yet there
exists a right to be informed on the reason for arrest, access to a lawyer and
even fair hearing, an example in Saudi Arabia is in 2005 were authorities
continued to detain suspects without judicial review. Suspects were tortured
for confessions and minimal investigations done and their cases and definitely
unfair trails. Basically this was a way for the Saudi Arabia government to get
information from the suspects because Saudi Arabia been highly economically is
expected to have many rivals and considering what was happening in Yemen they
need to be ahead of their rivals and hence needed information. Earlier, there
existed judicial punishment inclusive of amputation of hand for robbery and
flogging for other crimes. This can be termed as torture and therefore in 2004,
the Saudi regime was criticized for its method of punishment and defended
itself that those were legal traditions since time immemorial. The criminal
justice system in Saudi Arabia allows judges to 


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