The beetle. Geb is the god of

 The gods were very important to the Egyptians. They had spent most of their time taking care of the god’s temples. They had many temples and priests for the gods. They also had many myths but there are two very important ones. They also had many gods but had main gods that they believed were the most important. The gods were an essential part of Egyptian life.   The Egyptians had different gods for different purposes. Thoth is the god of wisdom and scribes. He is usually seen with a head of an ibis bird or baboon. When the soul is judged in the afterlife he records the result. Isis is the mother of Hours and is the god of medicine, magic, and grain. She is also the wife of Osiris. Osiris was a wise pharaoh when he ruled. He is the god of the underworld and is pictured with white robes and blue skin. Hathor is the goddess of love and is pictured as a cow. Taweret is the goddess of childbirth and protects children. She is pictured as a hippo. Amun is the first king of the gods in the New Kingdom and is the god of Thebes. Sekhmet is the goddess of war and is pictured as a lioness. Ma’at is the goddess of justice, order, truth, and morality. All good rulers of Eygpt ruled by Maa’t. Aten was the only god when Akhenaten ruled. He also was only a god when Akhenaten ruled. After Akhenaten died the people in Egypt went back to believing in many gods. Ra is the sun god and is one of the most powerful gods. He was the ruler of the world before he became too old and Osiris became the king. He is seen with a ram head, falcon or beetle. Geb is the god of the earth.  He is seen as a man with forests, rivers, and hills all over his body. Nut is the goddess of the sky and is seen as a woman with skin that looks like the night sky. The people of Egypt had diverse gods for different reasons. The priests in Egypt did many different jobs. The number of priests depended on how big the temple was or how important the god was. Some jobs the priests did was protecting the temple, taking care of the temple, prepared for festivals, cooking meals, scribes, astronomers, manage funerals, giving the god offerings and write religious text. The king was usually the high priest or picked the high priest. The high priest did the most important rituals. Priestess did ceremony dances and rituals. They also played instruments by shaking sistra an instrument the Egyptians used that had a metal frame and rattles when it is shaken, played harps, tambourines and sang. Every day at dawn they took the god out of the temple. Priests washed the statue and gave offerings to the god. They undressed the god and cleaned it with water. Then they redressed it in clean linen. Before the statue went back to the temple jewelry was put on it. During this ritual, there was usually chanting and singing. They also had festivals to celebrate the gods. Unlike rituals for the gods, many festivals were open to people that are not priests.The priests in Egypt had multiple jobs. Temples are an important part of Egyptian religion. Temples are the houses of the god it is made for. Temples are for gods or an honor of someone special. Cult temples are usually for the gods and mortuary temples are for dead kings. Cult temples are were made of mudbrick in the old kingdom. In the middle kingdom, cult temples were made of stone. Most of the temple’s stone was reused into something else in the new kingdom. Mortuary temples became bigger as time went on.First, they were just an offering chamber that was connected to the first royal tombs. Then in the 3rd dynasty, they were attached to the north face of the pyramid. There were two courts one representing Lower Eygpt and one representing Upper Eygpt.During the fourth dynasty, it was moved to the east pyramid. By the new kingdom, the mortuary temples were separate from the king’s tomb.There are also sun temples. Sun temples are for the sun god Re and also closely associated with royal burials. Sun temples were also connected with the pyramid. There are 3 main sections in a temple. First, there is an open courtyard where most of the citizens go give offerings to the gods. Second is a roofed section for nobility to make offerings to the god. The last main section is an inner room that only the priests are let in. Inside that room is a sacred statue of the god. Local temples are also used to store local records.  One of the Egyptians most important myths is the creation myth and it explains how the world was created. Once the universe was just endless dark water. Out of the water, a hill rose up and the god Atum was standing on it. Atum was all alone so he had two kids. They were Shu the god of air and Tefnut the god of moisture. Shu and Tefnut went out to form the world. They were gone so long that Atum got worried and removed his eye so it could find Shu and Tefnut for Atum. Shu and Tefnut came back to the hill with Atum’s eye and Atum has so happy he cried tears of joy. When they landed on the hill the tears became the first men and women.They had no place to live so Shu and Tefnut had two kids.  The kids were Geb and Nut. Geb was the god of the earth and Nut was the god of the sky.  Geb and Nut fell and love.  Atum thought that was unacceptable so he had Shu keep them far apart.Nut was high above Geb and that is why there is a sky. Nut was already pregnant and had five kids Osiris, Isis, Set, Nephthys, and Horus. Osiris was a thoughtful god and Atum decided that he should be the ruler of the world. The creation myth describes how the world was created and is a critical myth to the Egyptians.