The UK totalled
Describe what Tables 1 and 2 tell us about the variations in the new planting and restocking in forests and woodlands in the UK over the period 2003-07 Looking at Table 1 we can see that in 2003 new planting for both conifers and broadleaves across the UK totalled 13. 5 thousand hectares but steadily declines in 2004 to 12. 4 and to 11. 9 in 2005 with a drastic decline in 2006 down to 8. 7 thousand hectares being planted. Figures for 2007 then rise to 10.
7 but are still below what was planted in 2003. Looking closely at the figures across 2003-2007 more broadleaves than conifers were planted overall and that carries across all regions of the British Isles. We can also point out that for England the number of hectares planted for both conifers and broadleaves decreased year on year from 2003 to 2007 where as Scotland showed a decrease from 2003 to 2006 then a rise in 2007.
Wales however did no new planting for conifers but for broadleaves showed a rise in 2004 through to 2006 then a small decrease in 2007 with Northern Ireland showing a decrease in planting conifers in 2004 to no new plantation in 2005 – 2007 but an increase in broadleaves from 2004 and small decline in 2005 then a rise in plantation for 2006 and again a small decline in 2007. Looking at Table 2 we see that the overall restocking of plantation in the UK rose from 14. 5 thousand hectares in 2003 to 14. 9 in 2004 and then remained consistent for 2005 and 2006 with a further rise to 17.
7 in 2007. A difference from table 1 is that across all regions more conifers were restocked (in table 1 we noted that more broadleaves were planted). The restocking of broadleaves was steadily rising from 2. 5 in 2003 to 3. 5 in 2007 where as for the conifers 2003 -2006 the figures were fairly consistent at 12. 0/12. 1 falling in 2006 to 11. 6 then rising in 2007 to 14. 2. For England we can see that restocking levels fell in 2004-2005 for conifers (with broadleaves staying consistent) both conifers and broadleaves peaking in 2006 but the both declining again in 2007.
In Scotland restocking levels rose in 2004 and 2005, falling in 2006 then rising again in 2007. The welsh restocking of conifers declines from 2003 to 2005 rising in 2006 and 2007, their restocking of broadleaves however was very up and down each year. Northern Ireland had very different levels with the restocking of conifers rising in 2004-2005 but declining in 2006-2007 but showing a very similar pattern with Wales on the broadleaves the restocking figures are very up and down year on year.
We note that more planting and restocking were done in England and Scotland compared with Wales and Northern Ireland.
References: N/A Word count – 439 Part (b) Show how selective logging can be seen as an impact of the market economy on the environment. Discuss the range of possible solutions that there might be to this problem. This essay will discuss selective logging and the impact that this action has on the environment and the market economy and will discuss the possible solutions that may be available to us. How can selective logging make impact the market economy?
Firstly a market economy is an economy that relies on buyers and sellers to determine the price, the goods/services and the resources of where those goods/services come from, buyers and sellers can range from private individuals to companies, institutions and governments, the type of market will depend on the commodity being sold or exchanged (here we look at an exhaustible resource – timber, which as part of the environment is not protected in a market economy) nearly all markets are governed by a regulatory body whom ensure trading rules and regulations are adhered to however this can be very difficult when the commodity is a free resources such as air and water etc.
Selective logging is where the logging companies rather than clear a forest of trees have been thinning the forests out (choosing trees selectively) so as not to be as easily detectable. The impact of selective logging is very rarely be seen or felt by those who cause it, this is mainly due to the fact that agents (loggers / timber merchants) will base the costs to them or their company and the buyer (these are known as private costs) rather than on the cost to the environment (known as social costs) the main reason for this is most social costs do not have a monetary value and are not always taken into consideration.