Throughout were taken to solve the problem of
Throughout history, diseases such as HIV/AIDS, malaria, and tuberculosis -on both a local and global scale- have always been deadly to humanity. More recently, the Ebola outbreak of 2014 has killed approximately 11,000 people. When an epidemic starts, it could be devastating to the global community. However, whenever such crises began, rarely were there very quick, effective solutions that immediately combatted the deadly diseases. Due to the slow reaction, many people have been unnecessarily sacrificed, and it is necessary that there are clear standards and guidelines that countries follow to make sure the epidemic is solved quickly. Definition of Key TermsEpidemic: The occurrence of more cases of a disease than would be expected in a community or region during a given time periodPandemic: A worldwide spread of a new diseaseNon-communicable diseases (NCD): also known as chronic diseases, tend to be of long duration and are the result of a combination of genetic, physiological, environmental and behaviours factors // a medical condition or disease that is not caused by infectious agentsCommunicable diseases: an infectious disease transmissible (as from person to person) by direct contact with an affected individual or the individual’s discharges or by indirect meansBiosecurity / Biosafety: procedures intended to protect humans or animals against disease or harmful biological agentsStatus QuoCurrently, the WHO has made great progress to solve the issue of creating international standards for responding to diseases. On May 28th, 2016, the 69th session of the General assembly discussed on how to solve and combat epidemics and pandemics on a global scale. In the session, the World Health Organization acknowledged the efforts of multiple related organizations that helped decrease the damage done by various epidemics and diseases such as the Zika virus and Ebola. However, the UN also addressed the different problems that may occur when too many organizations work together: it focused especially on the potential conflict of interest among multiple organizations. It warned that without the cooperation of different non-governmental, philanthropic, charitable and academic organizations, it would be impossible to solve the problem of the status quo. To combat the plurality of different organizations, the WHO adopted a policy named WHO Framework of Engagement with Non-State Actors (FENSA). This framework ensures that the number of new organizations emerging during a new disease outbreak is minimized, and to provide existent organizations with effective and thorough policies in times of crises. It finally tries to assess an organization’s transparency, accountability, due diligence, and other important aspects necessary for cooperation. Many other steps were taken to solve the problem of creating an international framework in times of epidemics. The WHO has always, and is still developing its vaccination programs to increase accessibility of vaccines to children living in poor countries. HistoryOn February 2014, the devastating Ebola outbreak started in West Africa, killing thousands of innocent individuals. Despite the urgency and potential peril of the deadly disease, the World Health Organization (WHO) was unable to effectively tackle the problem, eventually bringing great criticism against WHO’s response to epidemic crises. Many nations that were affected by Ebola in the early stage was unable to figure out a solution to the outbreak as there was a lack of not only technology, but also doctors and important personnel. Even after quite a while, nations that successfully detected the disease were still unable to find a solution, as it did not have an effective strategy to respond to the issue. Since then, the issue of creating international standards to respond to such disease outbreaks have become an issue of utmost importance to the WHO.