Throughout the play Othello, Iago establishes himself as the villain with his lack of remorse, sinister personality, and his selfish tendencies. However, Iago’s intelligence and strategy is essentially what allows him to get so far with his plan, and ultimately cause the death of most of the main characters in the play. Shakespeare develops Iago into the malicious character we know, by using the strategies of sarcasm and diction. Iago uses his keen people skills to allow him to manipulate other characters in order to further his objective of taking down Othello. Shakespeare uses the strategy of diction in order to give the reader the full extent of Iago’s skill in manipulation. In the very beginning of the play, Iago talks about corrupting Brabantio’s opinion on his daughter Desdemona. He goes to Brabantio’s house to tell him about her affair with Othello, to begin his wreaking of havoc. As he talks to Brabantio, he emphasizes that Desdemona and Othello are a mixed race couple, which was not an accepted match during the time period. Iago descriptively says, ” Even now, now, very now, an old black ram/ Is tupping your white ewe. Arise, arise;/Awake the snorting citizens with the bell/Or else the devil will make a grandsire of you” (1.1.91-92). Iago uses diction to emphasize Othello’s race and make Brabantio disgusted in his daughter’s relationship with him, a black man. He knows to use such vulgar language when speaking about Desdemona, as Brabantio has only thought of her as innocent and pure. By making such comparisons, Iago instills strong emotions in Brabantio that will fuel his rejection of the couple. Shakespeare also uses diction to show how Iago can bend to meet the needs of the person he is in a situation with. Iago uses Roderigo as a pawn in his game to make achieving his goal easier. However, when Roderigo is distressed and suicidal after discovering Desdemona truly loves Othello, Iago is able to say the perfect words so his plan is not ruined. He exclaims to Roderigo, “It is merely a lust of the blood and a permission of the will. Come, be a man. Drown thyself? Drown cats and blind puppies!” (1.3.377-379). By playing to Roderigo’s masculinity, Iago is able to convince him that he is being foolish in his talks of drowning himself. He tells him to at least die trying to get back Desdemona, and not by simply wallowing in his own self-pity. By falsely portraying Roderigo as brave if he continues fighting for Desdemona, Iago is able to make Roderigo feel as if he must not give up, but instead try harder, and listen to Iago’s every word. Iago is able to say just the right thing to ensure his plan does not fail in its early stages.Along with diction, Shakespeare uses the strategy of verbal irony to show how Iago gains the trust of people he is manipulating. Throughout the story, Iago makes his hatred of Othello very clear, as well as his desire to destroy him. Iago does not allow himself to be exposed, and often says lines to Othello such as, “My lord, you know I love you” (3.3.134). This line is very ironic, as the reader knows that Iago feels quite the opposite. However, Othello’s response, “I think thou dost/And for I know thou’rt full of love and honesty…” (3.3.135-146), shows that Othello trusts Iago, which is all that Iago wants from him. In order for him to destroy Othello, Iago must have his trust so that he does not suspect anything. Even if it means saying something he doesn’t mean, Iago’s flattery is all in the favor of furthering his scheme. Shakespeare also uses verbal irony to show Iago’s ability to manipulate people into doing what he wants. Roderigo is a pawn that Iago uses to make his plan easier, and he allows Roderigo to see him as a “friend” when he is nothing of the sort. Iago sweetly says to Roderigo, “You, Roderigo! Come, sir, I am for you!” (1.2.75). This statement is very ironic as Iago is not “for” Roderigo, he is only using him as a part of his scheme. However, by portraying himself as his companion, Iago is able to make Roderigo to do all sorts of things for him, and even give him money! This is shown when Iago says “Put money in thy purse” (1.3.382), as a condition to helping Roderigo get Desdemona. In these two lines, Iago is able to make Roderigo think he is his friend, and then ultimately make a profit off of it. Iago’s selfish tendencies become prevalent here, but his skill of manipulation does as well. Saying the opposite of what he truly feels, is a small price to pay if it means getting what he wants at the moment, and in the long run, fulfilling his plan of destroying Othello. Iago’s possession of keen people skills is apparent throughout the story by his ability to manipulate multiple characters into doing what he desires. By using diction and verbal irony, Shakespeare is able to develop Iago into a cruel character who will go to lengths to ensure his scheme is carried out. Iago’s selfishness and destructive nature allow him to take on the role of “villain”, and become a dark contrast to the other characters in the play. Despite his many awful traits, Iago’s intelligence is a certain factor in his ability to create the chaotic ending that is, Othello.