Transnationalism defined as the processes by which immigrants

Transnationalism according to the reading, Transnationalism: A New Analytic Framework for Understanding Migration (1992), is defined as the processes by which immigrants create social networks that tie their country of origin and their country of residence together. The experience of this new migrant population is deemed to be transnationalism and it describes the new types of migrants as transmigrants. Migration to Singapore is growing because of Singapore’s success as a regional hub of telecommunication, transport, trade and commerce. Both groups of migrants (global Singaporeans and immigrants from other countries living in Singapore) maintain close associations with their families and communities in the countries of origin. Their identity is no longer based on an attachment to a particular territory. Nonresidents and non citizens in Singapore such as foreigners with student pass, work permit, long stay permit, dependent pass, employment pass, etc. are termed transnational migrants or transmigrants. They are allowed to live and work in Singapore. As a new kind of migrating population emerges, their lives intersects between two or more national boundaries. This brings these two or more societies into a single social field. These transmigrants are those whose networks, activities and patterns of life encompass both their host and home societies, in attempts to reproduce memory and experience, sometimes giving rise to distinctive enclaves.Transmigrants in Singapore assert their identity in a manner that they would not if they were not in their transnational context. For example, migrants from the Philippines reinvent traditions to maintain and recreate “Little Manila” in Lucky Plaza, the Thai migrants have “Little Thailand” in Golden Mile Complex. All of these cultural areas in Singapore are many kilometres away from their actual country of origin. This creates a very real and imagined community of transmigrants in Singapore. This tendency to reproduce homeland culture is evident for every cultural that has made Singapore it’s home. Such reproductions take the form of celebrations of festivals, customs and practices, social gatherings, and even the reading of home newspapers. As long as links are establish and continuously maintained, transnational culture between the two countries involved will continue to occur. The only difference today, is that migrants are able to straddle both countries with greater ease with the help of globalization and technology.

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