Under survey about the ethics and general opinions
Under the UK Government Legislation, laws for all human transplantation actions (Human Tissue Act 2004), it states in section 32, sub-section 1(a) ” A person commits an offence if he – gives or receives a reward for the supply of, or for an offer to supply any controlled material;” (1) (“Controlled material”, “consists of or includes human cells, is, or is intended to be removed, from a human body, is intended to be used for the purpose of transplantation.”) In the context of organ transplantation, anyone who performs an act that commercialises organs (i.e. selling or purchasing as a good) is a crime and will be charged in a court of law (sub-section 4). From a first glance by curious individuals, they may question, am I not entitled to actions involving my own body? Why are there no exceptions for all commercialisations of organs? What is/are the problem(s) with having a market for organs? Below, I will be exploring these questions in detail, providing examples and a discussion for my survey about the ethics and general opinions by a range of individuals (over or at the age of 16 years for validity) on a regulated system for the commercialisation of organs.The common associations with organ trade, include news report on thefts of organs either usually via drugging or killing targeted people who have healthy and desired organs to remove and be sold on the black market. This results in unfortunate deaths and a consistent yet horrifying reminder for the reader of potentially being a target of kidnappings and subsequently finding an organ missing. This is an example of said report/article: ‘Organ trafficking: a deadly trade’ by The Telegraph newspaper – On average 20 people die globally, each day on the waiting list due to not receiving their organ(s) in time for a transplant (2) – another major problem that arises within the organ transplantation umbrella. This is part of why illegal organ trading is so potent as, it does not seem like such a bad idea for the person in need of an organ. As an example, looking at the statistics for kidney treatment. On average, it costs around 30,000 to treat kidney failure annually and therefore 300,000 for the first 10 years of treatment. The cost of the whole kidney transplant process, is 17,000 and 5,000 for the subsequent years (provided that you have a donor)saves you around 240000 after 10 years. As a patient, you can already see a financial advantage.