Wahabism(ultra-conservative the ideology that we should go

Wahabism(ultra-conservative branch of Sunni Islam) and ISNames: Karel and Melle Class: H4EIntroduction to Wahhabism.Wahhabism is a stream of the islam, commonly known for their extreme punishments to non-muslims or muslims that aren’t following the qur’an’s rules strict enough. It is often referred to as the “orthodox Islam” They have the ideology that we should go back to the first generation of muslims, in their eyes, this was the perfect picture of the islam and over the time, people have neglected that picture. The founder of the wahhabism stream : Abd al-Wahhab despised the luxurious living Egyptian and Ottoman nobility and did not corroborate them as real muslims. His strong faith in Allah, led to Takfir, a ritual to declare someone as non-muslim and even kill them if they are not willing to change. Wahhabism is often confused with salafism.motivationWe have chosen the subject because we would really like to research wahhabism and is and the role the islam plays in terrorism and terrorism groups. people always say that the islam is the most “dangerous” religion and we would like to see why people think so and what differs between muslims and muslims that fight for terrorism groups as such. we find it very interesting how this all started and why all the terrorist groups are linked to the islam. it is also very interesting what ISIL wants and why?Salafism vs WahhabismSalafism and Wahhabism are terms often used interchangeably. Salafism and Wahhabism have the same ideology but you will never hear wahabi call themselves wahabi, instead they prefer the term Salafi, the main reason why Wahhabis have rejected the term Wahhabism is because it provides the impression that the teachings spread by Ibn Abd al-Wahhab is a new doctrine or belief within the Islamic faith and wahabi don’t see their stream as a separate belief in the Islamic faith. Ideologically, Salafism is wider than Wahhabism. Salafi thought has existed for hundreds of years and has spread throughout the Muslim world and beyond. Wahhabism only existed from the mid 18th century.Wahhabism main source of terrorism around the world?Yet although IS is certainly an Islamic movement, it is neither typical nor mired in the distant past, because its roots are in Wahhabism, a form of Islam practised in Saudi Arabia that developed only in the 18th century. In July 2013, the European Parliament identified Wahhabism as the main source of global terrorism, and yet the Grand Mufti of Saudi Arabia, condemning IS in the strongest terms, has insisted that “the ideas of extremism, radicalism and terrorism do not belong to Islam in any way”. Other members of the Saudi ruling class, however, look more kindly on the movement, applauding its staunch opposition to Shi’ism and for its Salafi piety, its adherence to the original practices of Islam. This inconsistency is a salutary reminder of the impossibility of making accurate generalisations about any religious tradition. In its short history, Wahhabism has developed at least two distinct forms, each of which has a wholly different take on violence.    TakfirTakfir is the act of one muslim declaring another as non-muslim, a kafir. Tak fir means unbeliever end is described as when “one who is a muslim is declared impure”  Muslims do this to make clear that people must still have faith in the islamitic faith. Takfir is often executed violently by jihadist organizations. Takfiristic views for a strech within salfasim where among others, the Islamic State identifies themselves with by.. While some people see takfiris as violent offshoots of the Salafi movement, Safafism is seen as a form of ‘fundamentalist Islam” , it is not an inherently violent movement that condones terrorism, Takfiris on the other hand, condone acts of violence as legitimate methonds of achieving religious or political statements. In addition to this, Takiri also has a different view on suicide, they believe that if one who deliberatly kills himself whilst attempting to kill enemies is a “martyr” and therefore goes straight to heaven. History of WahhabismThe Wahhabi mission started as a revivalist movement in the remote, arid region of Najd. With the collapse of the Ottoman Empire after World War I, the Al Saud dynasty, and with it Wahhabism, spread to the holy cities of Mecca and Medina. After the discovery of petroleum near the Persian Gulf in 1939, it had access to oil export revenues, revenue that grew to billions of dollars. In the country of Wahhabism founding, and by far the largest and most powerful country where it is the state religion – Wahhabi ulama gained control over education, law, public morality and religious institutions in the 20th century, while permitting as a “trade-off” doctrinally objectionable actions such as the import of modern technology and communications, and dealings with non-Muslims, for the sake of the consolidation of the power of its political guardian, the Al Saud dynasty.However, in the last couple of decades of the twentieth century several crises worked to erode Wahhabi “credibility” in Saudi Arabia and the rest of the Muslim world – the November 1979 seizure of the Grand Mosque by militants; the deployment of US troops in Saudi during the 1991 Gulf War against Iraq; and the 9/11 2001 al-Qaeda attacks on New York and Washington. In each case the Wahhabi establishment was called on to support the dynasty’s efforts to suppress religious dissent – and in each case it did – exposing its dependence on the Saudi dynasty and its often unpopular policies.In the West, the end of the Cold War and the anti-communist alliance with conservative, religious Saudi Arabia, and the 9/11 attacks created enormous distrust towards the kingdom and especially its official religion. Theology In Ibn Abd al-Wahhab’s major work, a small book called Kitab al-Tawhid, he states that worship in Islam is limited to conventional acts of worship such as the five daily prayers (salat), fasting (Sawm), Dua (supplication); Isti’adha (seeking protection or refuge),Ist’ana (seeking help) and Istighatha to Allah (seeking benefits and calling upon Allah alone). Worship beyond this – making du’a or tawassul – are acts of shirk and in violation of the tenets of Tawhid (monotheism).Ibn Abd al-Wahhab’s justification for considering the majority of Muslims of Arabia to be unbelievers, and for waging war on them, can be summed up as his belief that the original pagans the prophet Muhammad fought “affirmed that God is the creator, the sustainer and the master of all affairs; they gave alms, they performed pilgrimage and they avoided forbidden things from fear of God”. What made them pagans whose blood could be shed and wealth plundered was that “they sacrificed animals to other beings; they sought the help of other beings; they swore vows by other beings.” Someone who does such things even if their lives are otherwise exemplary is not a Muslim but an unbeliever (as Ibn Abd al-Wahahb believed). Once such people have received the call to “true Islam”, understood it and then rejected it, their blood and treasure are forfeit.Ideology (Do their norms and values clash with dutch norms and values?)Wahabism in the netherlands (https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Salafisme#Wahabisme onder kopje salafisme in nederland)Financial supportSaudi arabiaSaudi Arabia is perhaps one of the most Wahhabism countries on our society. Indirectly, Saudi Arabia have created the Wahhabism stream. In the late 1800’s Everyone was radically and Abd al-Wahhabhad to flee. In 1741 he came under the protection of Ibn Saud (an ancestor of the Saudi royal family) and his tribe. The Ibn Saud tribe took over his doctrine .They also did what they always did: attack and rob neighboring villages.Only now that was no longer according to Arab tradition, but under the banner of jihad, so in the name of Islam. The attacked tribes had to convert to Wahhabism or die.The idea of martyrdom in the name of jihad was also reintroduced. That says that martyrs go directly to paradise for the Islamic faith. Some people could say the saudi arabia has created this violent stream and indirectly thereby also created the Islamic State, who is now turning against her creator. Sourceshttps://www.nrc.nl/nieuws/2015/01/27/het-probleem-is-niet-de-islam-maar-wahabisme-1462273-a197800https://nl.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wahabismehttp://www.polderislam.nl/achtergronden/korte-informatie-over-de-islam-en-de-belangrijkste-islamitische-stromingen/de-belangrijkste-islamitische-stromingenhttps://likud.nl/2014/09/isis-het-monster-dat-zich-tegen-haar-schepper-keert/http://youtu.be/D2ZCk1bmzU0https://www.nctv.nl/binaries/definitieve-publicatie-salafisme_tcm31-32715.pdfhttps://www.nctv.nl/binaries/DTN45%20Samenvatting_tcm31-267359.pdfhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Takfihttps://www.huffingtonpost.com/alastair-crooke/isis-wahhabism-saudi-arabia_b_5717157.html https://likud.nl/2014/09/isis-het-monster-dat-zich-tegen-haar-schepper-keert/ )over salafisten in nl:http://youtu.be/mZ0eKDveBr4   http://youtu.be/XtEywlWh2VA