What systems. As what the iceberg framework conveys,

What Makes a “Broken” Home Broken?An iceberg architecture can be relatively compared to the family systems. As what the iceberg framework conveys, the small portion known as the “tip of the iceberg” which is visible above the surface is somewhat similar to the family structure. As Wei (2015) stated, “Family structure, like the term implies, refers to how everything is “set up” – whether one or two parent(s) run the home, or the number of children and other family members living in it.” Normally, people think that if a certain family does not have a father, mother, or even both parents, they usually consider that kin as a “broken” home. This family set up is what is being portrayed just like in the iceberg metaphor. On the other hand, the large portion beneath the surface which is unnoticeable depicts the family function which “refers to how everything works.” (Wei, 2015) Generally, two-parent homes are believed to be typical for the upbringing of the adolescents. While a single parent would indubitably strive more greatly with time and financial challenges than a family with both parents contributing their income together. Wei (2015) described that a child has an emotional necessity too:A recent study suggests that the happiness of a child is in fact, not contingent on an intact family structure; the researchers found that in a population of nearly 13,000 children, children from single-parent homes were no less happy than their counterparts from two-parent families. (para. 6)The findings of the study indicated that the conceptuality of a “broken” home can be about the structured intactness yet intellectual and emotional fragmentation of a family. If that is the case, the family’s framework would be less significant to the adolescents’ psychological well-being than the quality of relationships within the home, albeit the parent-child kinship are compromised in quantity. Adolescents who have an affectionate relationship even if with just one parent are likely to have better satisfaction and pleasure than those who are not having that kind of relationship. Significantly, not all families with separated parents are considered “broken”, and opposingly can be filled with love and warmth. Correspondingly, one researcher emphasized that “structurally impeccable families do not unfailingly entail healthy functioning.” (Wei, 2015) What forms a damaged family or a “broken” home goes underneath the surface, and takes place at the bottom, unseen part of the iceberg.Broken Home: The CausesParental DivorceA Research Scholar from Gauhati University in India, Saikia (2017), stated that divorce is guaranteed as the primary cause of having a broken home. There are instances that both parents leave home, but most often either one of them does. Subsequently, it will affect the family system due the nonattendance of either or both of the parents, then the family will be considered as broken.Parental DeathSaikia (2017) also quantified that death of parent/s is another factor which can diminish the effectiveness of the family. Unfortunately, there are some occurrence in which parental death resulted to a broken home. Though death doesn’t certainly consider as an attribute of broken home, however the death of either or both parents becomes the children’s incompleteness in  part their of development.Misconception among family membersAccording to Saikia (2017), aside from parental divorce and death, misconception among the family member can be develop and become the cause leading to a broken home. Engagement of any family member towards harmful objects such as drugs, alcoholic drinks and any misconduct can lead to misconception more specifically devastation and anger, which becomes the reason of breaking oneself from the family.Incompetent Supervision of ParentsFailure supervision towards the family members can lead to destroying the affiliation of the family. When the administrator of the family most especially the parent fails to supervise the members, each of the member will be given a chance to do whatever and however they want at home and even outside. If this kind of family system continuous, it will lead to a worse condition that might possibly resulted to break the family (Saikia, 2017).Parental and Friends StimulusSaikia (2017) stated additional cause why a family being broken up is due to the parental or friends’ persuasion. If a third person or third party became part of the exclusive matters at home, bad-mouthing will occur and misconception might possibly turn out worse. Since everyone has friendly affiliation to other people, some often used to convey their dilemmas to them. However, there can be negative impact in telling other people what one’s going through in life. The people whom they expect to aid them from a certain problem may advised an unanticipated suggestion. Most of the time, splitting up of parents is because of the stimuli made by friends and parents.Parent’s Overseas EmploymentIn Philippines, researchers studied the consequences of parent’s overseas employment to the member of the family left behind. Commonly, the reason why some parents choose to work abroad is to provide family better living. According to Cruz (1987), Parrenas (2001), & NIRP (2001), even though having occupation abroad produces substantial advantages to the family left out, studies discovered that Filipino children who are left behind encounter psychological and emotional anxiety (as cited in Arguillas, F., Arguillas, M., & Williams, 2012).


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